TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic 𣦼 + semantic ("eat," "meal," "food")

The upper phonetic portion is an obsolete character, formed from (a variant of ) and . 歺 is sometimes used as an informal simplification for 餐 itself.

Han characterEdit

(radical 184 +7, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜水人戈女 (YEOIV), four-corner 27732)

  1. eat, dine
  2. meal
  3. food

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1419, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44160
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1944, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4455, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9910

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (餐), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 七安切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑn/ /t͡sʰɑn/ /t͡sʰɑn/ /t͡sʰɑn/ /t͡sʰan/ /t͡sʰɑn/ /t͡sʰɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1117 1 /*sʰaːn/ 聲符皆爲歺又

ClassifierEdit

  1. (Cantonese) Classifier for meals.
    / [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 caan1 faan6 [Jyutping]  ―  one meal
    每日 [Cantonese]  ―  mui5 jat6 sik6 saam1 caan1 [Jyutping]  ―  eat three [meals] a day

CompoundsEdit

  • 餐馆 (cānguǎn, “restaurant”)
  • 餐厅 (cāntīng, “restaurant”)
  • 快餐 (kuàicān, “fast food”)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
さん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana さん, romaji san)

  1. eating and drinking

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chan, son) (hangeul , , revised chan, son, McCune-Reischauer ch'an, son, Yale chan, son)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xan, xun, san)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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