U+9958, 饘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9958

[U+9957]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9959]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 184, +13, 22 strokes, cangjie input 人戈卜田一 (OIYWM), four-corner 80717, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1426, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44433
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1952, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4476, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+9958

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. 𫗴
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

EtymologyEdit

Probably analyzable as *ka-n (with nominalizing suffix -n), from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ka-j/w/m (to eat) (Sagart, 2003). Compare Tamangic words for “food; cooked rice”: Eastern Tamang [script needed] (¹kan), Western Tamang [script needed] (¹ken), Western Gurung [script needed] (¹kaẽ), Manangba [script needed] (¹kjɛ̃), Thakali [script needed] (ᴴkʌn) (STEDT).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (23) (23)
Final () (77) (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇn/ /t͡ɕiᴇnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛn/ /t͡ɕiɛnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjæn/ /t͡ɕjænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cian/ /cianX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɛn/ /t͡ɕiɛnX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭɛn/ /t͡ɕĭɛnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ɛn/ /t͡ɕi̯ɛnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhān zhǎn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhān zhān
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyen › ‹ tsyenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*t-qa[n]/ /*t-qa[n]ʔ/
English gruel (thick) thick gruel

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2084 2088
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
𩜾 𦗢
Old
Chinese
/*tjan/ /*tjanʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. thick congee
  2. to eat; to have a meal

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. Alternative spelling of 堅粥 (katakayu): gruel

ReadingsEdit

  • Go-on: せん (sen)
  • Kan-on: せん (sen)
  • Kun: かゆ (kayu, )