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See also:
U+99D2, 駒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-99D2

[U+99D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+99D3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 187 +5, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸火心口 (SFPR), four-corner 77320, composition)

  1. colt
  2. fleet, swift
  3. sun
  4. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1436, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44663
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1960, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4549, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+99D2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koːs
*koː
*koː, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kʰoː
*koː, *koːʔ, *koʔ
*koː, *koːs, *ɡo
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ, *ko
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
豿 *koːʔ, *qʰroːɡ
*koːʔ
*koːs, *kʰoːs, *qʰoːs, *kos
*koːs
*kʰoːʔ, *kʰoʔ
*qʰoː
*qʰoːʔ, *qʰos
*qʰoːʔ, *ɡo
*qʰoːs
*qʰoːs, *ɡoːs
*qʰoːs
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*koʔ, *kos
*kos, *ɡo
*kos
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo, *qʰo, *qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰo, *qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰos

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ko): semantic  (horse) + phonetic  (OC *koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo).

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kio/
Shao
Rongfen
/kio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuə̆/
Li
Rong
/kio/
Wang
Li
/kĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7094
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ko/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. foal (young horse)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
こま
Grade: S
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana こま, rōmaji koma)

  1. (rare) horse
  2. (shogi, chess) piece; man
    • 2003 August 15, Anzai, Nobuyuki, “AKTアクト.12/ チェスの [AKT.12/ The Chessmen]”, in MÄRメル MÄRCHEN AWAKENS ROMANCE [MÄR: MÄRCHEN AWAKENS ROMANCE], volume 2 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-126442-5, page 50:
      チェスのコマ
      すうねんまえ
      ——このメルヘヴンをれようとするものたちがあらわれた。きょうあくÄRMアームあやつせんとうしゅうだんチェスの」‼なんにんものÄRMアーム使づかいたちがおうせんし、きずつきながらもチェスのせんりょくいでいった。
      Chesu noKoma?
      Sūnen mae—— kono Meruhevun o te ni ireyō to suru mono-tachi ga arawareta. Kyōaku Āmu o ayatsuru sentō shūdan “Chesu no Koma”‼ Nannin mo no Āmu-zukai-tachi ga ōsenshi, kizutsuki nagara mo Chesu no senryoku o soide itta.
      The… Chessmen?
      A couple of years ago——they rose up and took over this Märheaven. With the help of all sorts of heinous ÄRMs, they were a group of fighters known as the “Chessmen”‼ But together, all other ÄRM users struck back, and eventually mitigated the Chess’s power.
  3. (music) bridge (piece on string instruments)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(câu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.