See also:
U+9BE4, 鯤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9BE4

[U+9BE3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9BE5]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 195, +8, 19 strokes, cangjie input 弓火日心心 (NFAPP), four-corner 26311, composition )

See also edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1473, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46247
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2005, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4696, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9BE4

Chinese edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

𩽞
𩻋
 
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Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kuːn) : semantic (fish) + phonetic (OC *kuːn).

Etymology edit

“fish roe”
Related to (OC *kuːn, “descendants”) (Ye, 2014). See there for more.
kun (sea monster)”
Perhaps related to (“large bird”) (Liu, 1999).

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter kwon
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuən/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuon/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwən/
Li
Rong
/kuən/
Wang
Li
/kuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gūn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gwan1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7521
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuːn/

Definitions edit

  1. (literary) fish roe; fry; spawn
    alt. forms: (luǎn)
  2. (Chinese mythology) kun, a large fish that transforms into a roc ( (péng))

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (こん) (kon)
  • Korean: 곤(鯤) (gon)
  • Vietnamese: côn ()

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. large mythical fish
  2. roe

Readings edit

  • Go-on: こん (kon)
  • Kan-on: こん (kon)

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
こん
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC kwon).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(こん) (kon

  1. (Chinese mythology) a mythological giant fish that is several thousand (ri, leagues) long and that lives in the northern seas

References edit

  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(gon) (hangeul , revised gon, McCune–Reischauer kon, Yale kon)

  1. (곤이 곤, gon-i-): roe; very young fish
  2. (곤어 곤, gon-eo-): mythical fish of an unaccountable length