See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 195 +8, 19 strokes, cangjie input 弓火卜口火 (NFYRF), four-corner 20396, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1473, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46257
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2005, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4698, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9BE8

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (30)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɣiæŋ/ /gi̯ɐŋ/ /ɡiɐŋ/ /ɡɯiaŋ/ /giajŋ/ /ɡĭɐŋ/ /ɡiaŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jīng ‹ gjæng › /*[ɡ]raŋ/ whale

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6832 0 /*ɡraŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. whale

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
くじら
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. /kudira//kud͡ʑira/

Ultimate derivation unclear. Theories include an alteration from (kuchibiro) in reference to the wide mouth; an alteration from 開く (kuchibiraku) in reference to the gaping mouth; and an alteration from 黒白 (kuroshiro) in reference to the black-and-white coloration of certain cetaceans.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana くじら, katakana クジラ, romaji kujira, historical hiragana くぢら)

  1. a large marine mammal belonging to order Cetacea: a whale
    鯨 鯢 唐韻云、大魚、雄曰鯨、渠京反、雌曰鯢、音蜺、久知良 [...][3]
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Cujira. (鯨) 鯨.[4]
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as クジラ.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
いさ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Root isa (“powerful?”) shared with verb 勇む ‎(isamu, to be courageous, to be in high spirits).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana いさ, romaji isa)

  1. (archaic) a large marine mammal belonging to order Cetacea: a whale
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
いさな
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From cognate isa above, suffixed with ‎(-na, fish). Sometimes spelled as 勇魚.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana いさな, romaji isana)

  1. (archaic) a large marine mammal belonging to order Cetacea: a whale
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 13, poem #3339); text here
      玉桙之 道尓出立 葦引乃 野行山行 潦 川徃渉 鯨名取 海路丹出而...
      玉桙の 道に出で立ち あしひきの 野行き山行き にはたづみ 川行き渡り 鯨魚取り 海道に出でて...
      たまほこの みちにいでたち あしひきの のゆきやまゆき にはたづみ かはゆきわたり いさなとり うみぢにいでて...
      Tamahoko no / michi ni idetachi / ashi hiki no / no yuki yama yuki / niwatazumi / kawa yuki watari / isana tori umiji ni idete...
      Heading out on the jeweled-spear road, going through the alluring fields and mountains, crossing the puddles and rivers, taking to the whaling sea road ...
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 8, page 3:
  4. ^ 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 165)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kình, kềnh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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