TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(halogen) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 197 +9, 20 strokes, cangjie input 卜田戈竹口 (YWIHR), four-corner 23650, composition)

DescendantsEdit

  • – simplified to an existing character.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1507, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47553
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2035, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4610, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+9E79

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (鹹), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 咸
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡讒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣɛm/ /ɣăm/ /ɣɐm/ /ɦɯæm/ /ɦəɨm/ /ɣɐm/ /ɣɐm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xián ‹ hɛm › /*Cə.[ɡ]ˤr[o]m/ salty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13516 1 /*ɡrɯːm/ 鹹轉註字

DefinitionsEdit

  1. salty, briny
  2. salted
  3. pickled
CompoundsEdit

JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune-Reischauer ham, Yale ham)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hàm)

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