Open main menu
See also: , , and
U+9E7C, 鹼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9E7C

[U+9E7B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9E7D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 197, +13, 24 strokes, cangjie input 卜田人一人 (YWOMO), four-corner 28686, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1508, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47576
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2036, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4611, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+9E7C

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raːm, *kʰreːm, *kʰlam
*qʰlaːm
*ɡ·reːmʔ, *skʰlam, *kramʔ
*ɡr·reːmʔ, *skʰraːmʔ
*kreːmʔ, *skʰlam
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰram
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams, *qʰramʔ
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰlam
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *kramʔ
*ɡ·ramʔ
*ɡ·rams
*skʰlam
*skʰlam
*skʰlam, *skʰlamʔ, *sqʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*skʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*kramʔ
*kramʔ
*ɡramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *rlɯmʔ, *kʰrɯmʔ
*ŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *hŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *ŋrams
*ŋrams
*qʰramʔ
*kams
*kams
𩏩 *qʰam

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kiám - literary;
  • kiⁿ - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (14) (28)
    Final () (153) (151)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰiᴇm/ /kˠɛmX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰiɛm/ /kᵚæmX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰjæm/ /kɐmX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰiam/ /kəɨmX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰiɛm/ /kɐmX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰĭɛm/ /kɐmX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰi̯ɛm/ /kămX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiān jiǎn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 10182 10204
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kreːmʔ/ /*skʰlam/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (soluble) alkali, lye
    2. (specifically) sodium carbonate
    3. (chemistry, chiefly Mainland China) base (soluble or not)
    4. (dialectal) soap

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 肥皂 (“soap”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 肥皂
    Mandarin Beijing 肥皂, 胰子
    Taiwan 肥皂
    Tianjin 肥皂, 胰子
    Harbin 胰子, 大胰子, 肥皂
    Jinan 肥皂, 胰子
    Muping 胰子
    Luoyang 胰子, 洋鹼
    Wanrong 洋鹼
    Xi'an 洋鹼
    Xining 胰子, 肥皂
    Xuzhou 胰子
    Yinchuan 洋胰子, 肥皂
    Ürümqi 肥皂, 胰子
    Wuhan 肥皂
    Chengdu 洋鹼, 肥皂
    Guiyang 洋鹼, 肥皂
    Liuzhou
    Yangzhou 洋胰子, 肥皂
    Nanjing 洋胰子, 肥皂
    Hefei 肥皂, 洋胰子
    Cantonese Guangzhou 番鹼,
    Hong Kong 番鹼,
    Taishan 番鹼
    Dongguan 番鹼
    Yangjiang 番鹼,
    Gan Nanchang 肥皂, 洋鹼
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang 肥皂, 洋鹼
    Hakka Meixian 番鹼
    Yudu 胰子, 洋鹼
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 茶箍, 石鹼
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 茶箍, 番鹼, 石鹼
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 茶箍, 石鹼
    Dongshi (Dabu) 茶箍, 石鹼
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 茶箍, 石鹼
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 茶箍, 石鹼
    Huizhou Jixi 肥皂, 洋肥皂, 洋肥珠
    Jin Taiyuan 胰子, 洋胰子, 肥皂
    Xinzhou 胰子, 洗衣裳胰子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 胰仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou 胰皂
    Min Nan Xiamen 雪文, 油胰
    Quanzhou 雪文
    Zhangzhou 雪文
    Taipei 雪文
    Kaohsiung 雪文
    Tainan 雪文
    Taichung 茶箍
    Hsinchu 茶箍
    Lukang 雪文
    Sanxia 雪文
    Yilan 雪文
    Kinmen 油胰, 雪文, 茶箍
    Magong 雪文
    Penang 雪文
    Singapore 雪文
    Philippines (Manila) 雪文
    Chaozhou 餅藥
    Haikou 番鬼鹼, 油糠, 番鬼油糠
    Leizhou , 番鬼鹼
    Pinghua Nanning , 洋鹼, 洗衫鹼
    Wu Shanghai 肥皂
    Suzhou 肥皂
    Hangzhou 肥皂, 洋肥皂
    Wenzhou 洋皂, 油皂, 番皂
    Chongming 肥皂
    Danyang 肥皂, 洋鹼
    Jinhua 肥皂, 洋肥皂
    Ningbo 肥皂
    Xiang Changsha 肥皂, 胰子油
    Shuangfeng 肥皂, 洋鹼
    Loudi 肥皂, 洋鹼

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (dảm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.