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U+9E7C, 鹼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9E7C

[U+9E7B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9E7D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 197, +13, 24 strokes, cangjie input 卜田人一人 (YWOMO), four-corner 28686, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1508, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47576
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2036, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4611, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+9E7C

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raːm, *kʰreːm, *kʰlam
*qʰlaːm
*ɡ·reːmʔ, *skʰlam, *kramʔ
*ɡr·reːmʔ, *skʰraːmʔ
*kreːmʔ, *skʰlam
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰram
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams, *qʰramʔ
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰlam
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *kramʔ
*ɡ·ramʔ
*ɡ·rams
*skʰlam
*skʰlam
*skʰlam, *skʰlamʔ, *sqʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*skʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*kramʔ
*kramʔ
*ɡramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *rlɯmʔ, *kʰrɯmʔ
*ŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *hŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *ŋrams
*ŋrams
*qʰramʔ
*kams
*kams
𩏩 *qʰam

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kiám - literary;
  • kiⁿ - vernacular (俗).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (14) (28)
Final () (153) (151)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiᴇm/ /kˠɛmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɛm/ /kᵚæmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjæm/ /kɐmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰiam/ /kəɨmX/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiɛm/ /kɐmX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭɛm/ /kɐmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ɛm/ /kămX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiān jiǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10182 10204
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreːmʔ/ /*skʰlam/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (soluble) alkali, lye
  2. (specifically) sodium carbonate
  3. (chemistry, chiefly Mainland China) base (soluble or not)
  4. (dialectal) soap

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 肥皂 (“soap”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 肥皂
Mandarin Beijing 肥皂胰子
Taiwan 肥皂
Tianjin 肥皂胰子
Harbin 胰子大胰子肥皂
Jinan 肥皂胰子
Muping 胰子
Luoyang 胰子洋鹼
Jiedian 洋鹼
Xi'an 洋鹼
Xining 胰子肥皂
Xuzhou 胰子
Yinchuan 洋胰子肥皂
Ürümqi 肥皂胰子
Wuhan 肥皂
Chengdu 洋鹼肥皂
Guiyang 洋鹼肥皂
Liuzhou
Yangzhou 洋胰子肥皂
Nanjing 洋胰子肥皂
Hefei 肥皂洋胰子
Cantonese Guangzhou 番鹼
Hong Kong 番鹼
Dongguan 番鹼
Taishan 番鹼
Yangjiang 番鹼
Gan Nanchang 肥皂洋鹼
Lichuan
Pingxiang 肥皂洋鹼
Hakka Meixian 番鹼
Yudu 胰子洋鹼
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 茶箍石鹼
Liudui (S. Sixian) 茶箍番鹼石鹼
Hsinchu (Hailu) 茶箍石鹼
Dongshi (Dabu) 茶箍石鹼
Zhuolan (Raoping) 茶箍石鹼
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 茶箍石鹼
Huizhou Jixi 肥皂洋肥皂洋肥珠
Jin Taiyuan 胰子洋胰子肥皂
Xinzhou 胰子洗衣裳胰子
Min Bei Jian'ou 胰仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 胰皂
Min Nan Xiamen 雪文油胰
Quanzhou 雪文
Zhangzhou 雪文
Taipei 雪文
Kaohsiung 雪文
Tainan 雪文
Taichung 茶箍
Hsinchu 茶箍
Lukang 雪文
Sanxia 雪文
Yilan 雪文
Kinmen 油胰雪文茶箍
Magong 雪文
Penang 雪文
Singapore 雪文
Philippines (Manila) 雪文
Chaozhou 餅藥
Haikou 番鬼鹼油糠番鬼油糠
Leizhou 番鬼鹼
Pinghua Nanning 洋鹼洗衫鹼
Wu Shanghai 肥皂
Suzhou 肥皂
Hangzhou 肥皂洋肥皂
Wenzhou 洋皂油皂番皂
Chongming 肥皂
Danyang 肥皂洋鹼
Jinhua 肥皂洋肥皂
Ningbo 肥皂
Xiang Changsha 肥皂胰子油
Shuangfeng 肥皂洋鹼
Loudi 肥皂洋鹼

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dảm)

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