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U+9E7C, 鹼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9E7C

[U+9E7B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9E7D]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 197, +13, 24 strokes, cangjie input 卜田人一人 (YWOMO), four-corner 28686, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1508, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47576
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2036, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4611, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+9E7C

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms


𠑲
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raːm, *kʰreːm, *kʰlam
*qʰlaːm
*ɡ·reːmʔ, *skʰlam, *kramʔ
*ɡr·reːmʔ, *skʰraːmʔ
*kreːmʔ, *skʰlam
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰram
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams, *qʰramʔ
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰlam
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *kramʔ
*ɡ·ramʔ
*ɡ·rams
*skʰlam
*skʰlam
*skʰlam, *skʰlamʔ, *sqʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*skʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*kramʔ
*kramʔ
*ɡramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *rlɯmʔ, *kʰrɯmʔ
*ŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *hŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *ŋrams
*ŋrams
*qʰramʔ
*kams
*kams
𩏩 *qʰam

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kiám - literary;
  • kiⁿ - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (14) (28)
    Final () (153) (151)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰiᴇm/ /kˠɛmX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰiɛm/ /kᵚæmX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰjæm/ /kɐmX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰiam/ /kəɨmX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰiɛm/ /kɐmX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰĭɛm/ /kɐmX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰi̯ɛm/ /kămX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiān jiǎn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 10182 10204
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kreːmʔ/ /*skʰlam/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (soluble) alkali, lye
    2. (specifically) sodium carbonate
    3. (chemistry, chiefly Mainland China) base (soluble or not)
    4. (dialectal) soap

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 肥皂 (“soap”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 肥皂
    Mandarin Beijing 肥皂, 胰子
    Taiwan 肥皂
    Tianjin 肥皂, 胰子
    Harbin 胰子, 大胰子, 肥皂
    Shenyang 胰子, 黃胰子
    Jinan 肥皂, 胰子
    Muping 胰子
    Luoyang 胰子, 洋鹼
    Wanrong 洋鹼
    Xi'an 洋鹼
    Zhengzhou 胰子, 洋鹼
    Xining 胰子, 肥皂
    Xuzhou 胰子
    Yinchuan 洋胰子, 肥皂
    Lanzhou 胰子
    Ürümqi 肥皂, 胰子
    Wuhan 肥皂
    Chengdu 洋鹼, 肥皂
    Guiyang 洋鹼, 肥皂
    Guilin 肥皂
    Liuzhou 肥皂,
    Kunming 洋鹼, 胰子
    Yangzhou 洋胰子, 肥皂
    Nanjing 洋胰子, 肥皂
    Hefei 肥皂, 洋胰子
    Nantong 洋鹼
    Malaysia 肥皂
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 胰子
    Cantonese Guangzhou 番鹼,
    Hong Kong 番鹼,
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 番鹼
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou) 番鹼
    Hong Kong (Ting Kok) 番鹼
    Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau) 番鹼
    Macau 番鹼
    Panyu 番鹼
    Huadu (Huashan) 番鹼
    Conghua 番鹼
    Zengcheng 番鹼
    Foshan 番鹼
    Nanhai (Shatou) 番鹼
    Shunde 番鹼
    Sanshui 番鹼
    Gaoming (Mingcheng) 番鹼
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 番鹼
    Zhuhai (Qianshan) 番鹼
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 番鹼
    Doumen 番鹼
    Jiangmen (Baisha) 番鹼
    Xinhui 番鹼
    Taishan 番鹼
    Kaiping (Chikan) 番鹼
    Enping (Niujiang) 番鹼
    Heshan (Yayao) 番鹼
    Dongguan 番鹼
    Bao'an (Shajing) 番鹼
    Dapeng 番鹼
    Shaoguan 番鹼
    Yunfu 番鹼
    Yangjiang 番鹼,
    Xinyi 番鹼
    Lianjiang 番鹼
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Danzhou
    Kuala Lumpur 番鹼
    Ho Chi Minh City 番鹼
    Gan Nanchang 肥皂, 洋鹼
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang 肥皂, 洋鹼
    Hakka Meixian 番鹼
    Xingning 番鹼
    Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua) 番鹼
    Huizhou (Shuikou Bendihua) 番鹼
    Huizhou (Hengli Bendihua) 番鹼
    Huidong (Pingshan Bendihua) 番鹼
    Huidong (Daling) 番鹼
    Dongguan (Qingxi) 番鹼
    Longmen (Pingling Bendihua) 番鹼
    Longmen (Luxi Bendihua) 番鹼
    Boluo (Bendihua) 番鹼
    Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 番鹼
    Zengcheng (Zhengguo) 番鹼
    Zhongshan (Wuguishan) 番鹼
    Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 番鹼
    Wuhua (Huacheng) 番鹼
    Heyuan (Bendihua) 番鹼,
    Zijin (Guzhu Bendihua) 番鹼
    Longchuan (Tuocheng Bendihua) 番鹼
    Longchuan (Sidu Bendihua) 番鹼
    Heping (Linzhai Bendihua) 番鹼
    Lianping (Zhongxin Bendihua) 番鹼
    Lianping (Longjie Bendihua) 番鹼
    Qujiang
    Xinfeng (Matou Bendihua) 番鹼
    Xinfeng (Daxi Bendihua) 番鹼
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 番鹼
    Liannan 番鹼
    Conghua (Lütian) 番鹼
    Jiexi 番鹼
    Luchuan 洋鹼
    Luchuan (Daqiao) 肥皂
    Changting 胰子
    Pingyu 番鹼
    Wuping 洋膏, 番鹼
    Liancheng 洋鹼
    Ninghua 胰子
    Yudu 胰子, 洋鹼
    Ruijin 胰子
    Shicheng 肥皂
    Shangyou 洋鹼
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 茶箍, 石鹼
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 茶箍, 番鹼, 石鹼
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 茶箍, 石鹼
    Dongshi (Dabu) 茶箍, 石鹼
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 茶箍, 石鹼
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 茶箍, 石鹼
    Hong Kong 番鹼
    Sabah (Longchuan) 番鹼
    Senai 番鹼
    Singkawang 雪文
    Huizhou Jixi 肥皂, 肥珠, 洋肥皂, 洋肥珠
    Shexian 肥皂, 肥珠
    Tunxi 肥皂
    Xiuning 洋肥皂, 肥皂
    Yixian 肥皂, 肥珠
    Qimen 肥皂
    Wuyuan 肥皂, 肥珠
    Fuliang 洋肥珠
    Dexing 洋鹼
    Jin Taiyuan 胰子, 洋胰子, 肥皂
    Pingyao 胰子
    Xinzhou 胰子, 洗衣裳胰子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 胰仔
    Dikou 胰仔
    Songxi 番仔鹼
    Zhenghe 胰仔
    Zhenqian 胰仔
    Jianyang 鬼仔鹼
    Wuyishan 番鬼鹼
    Shibei 鬼仔蠟
    Min Dong Fuzhou 胰皂
    Changle 胰皂
    Fuqing 胰皂
    Pingtan 胰皂
    Yongtai 胰皂
    Gutian 胰皂
    Fu'an 胰皂
    Ningde 胰皂
    Shouning 胰皂
    Zhouning 胰皂
    Fuding
    Matsu 胰皂
    Min Nan Xiamen 雪文, 油胰
    Tong'an 雪文
    Quanzhou 雪文,
    Jinjiang 雪文
    Nan'an 雪文
    Shishi 雪文
    Hui'an 雪文
    Anxi 雪文
    Yongchun 雪文,
    Dehua 雪文
    Zhangzhou 雪文
    Longhai 雪文
    Changtai 雪文
    Hua'an
    Nanjing 雪文, 番仔蠟
    Pinghe 雪文, 番仔蠟
    Zhangpu 番仔蠟
    Yunxiao
    Zhao'an 番仔蠟
    Dongshan 番仔蠟
    Taipei 雪文
    Kaohsiung 雪文
    Tainan 雪文
    Taichung 茶箍
    Wuqi 茶箍
    Hsinchu 茶箍, 雪文
    Taitung 茶箍
    Lukang 雪文, 茶箍
    Sanxia 雪文
    Yilan 雪文
    Kinmen 油胰, 雪文, 茶箍
    Magong 雪文
    Penang 雪文
    Singapore 雪文
    Philippines (Manila) 雪文
    Longyan 番仔鹼
    Zhangping 番仔鹼,
    Zhangping (Yongfu) , 洗衫蠟
    Datian
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou 餅藥
    Shantou 餅藥
    Haifeng 番仔鹼
    Thailand (Bangkok) 餅藥, 雪文
    Johor Bahru 雪文
    Wenchang 沙文, 肥皂
    Haikou 番鬼鹼, 油糠, 番鬼油糠
    Leizhou , 番鬼鹼
    Puxian Min Putian 胰皂
    Xianyou 胰皂
    Pinghua Nanning , 洋鹼, 洗衫鹼
    Guilin 肥皂, 洋鹼
    Wu Shanghai 肥皂
    Suzhou 肥皂
    Wuxi 肥皂
    Hangzhou 肥皂, 洋肥皂
    Wenzhou 洋皂, 油皂, 番皂
    Chongming 肥皂
    Danyang 洋鹼, 肥皂, 洋礬
    Jinhua 肥皂, 洋肥皂
    Tangxi 洋肥皂
    Ningbo 肥皂
    Xiang Changsha 肥皂, 胰子油
    Shuangfeng 肥皂, 洋鹼
    Loudi 肥皂, 洋鹼
    Quanzhou 洋鹼

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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    ReadingsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (dảm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.