U+9ECE, 黎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9ECE

[U+9ECD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9ECF]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 202 +3, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹人水 (HHOE), four-corner 27132, composition𥝢𠆢)

  1. used as a surname
  2. numerous, many
  3. black
  4. used to indicate the Li people of Hainan Province, China

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1517, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47994
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2049, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4759, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9ECE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*riːl, *ril
*riːl
*riːl, *r'il, *r'i
*riːl
*riːl, *ril
*riːl, *ri
*riːl, *ril
*riːl
*riːl
*riːl
*rel
*ril
*ril
*ril
*ril
*ril
*rids
*rids
*riːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *riːl): semantic (millet) + phonetic (OC *rids).

EtymologyEdit

Probably cognate with and .

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lei/
Pan
Wuyun
/lei/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛj/
Li
Rong
/lei/
Wang
Li
/liei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lej › ‹ lej ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˤij/ (Cf. 耆 0552l ɡij < *[ɡ]rij ‘old’) /*[r]ˤij/
English old black

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7880
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*riːl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (only in compound, no longer productive) the color of earth, between brown and black.
      ―  míng  ―  dawn
  2. (only in compound, no longer productive) numerous, crowded.
      ―  mín  ―  common people

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. black, bluish black
  2. gloomy, dusky
  3. used to indicate the Li people of Hainan Province, China

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ryeo>yeo) (hangeul >, revised ryeo>yeo, McCune-Reischauer ryŏ>yŏ, Yale lye>ye)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, )

  1. spelt as , the fourth most common surname among ethnic Vietnamese.