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U+9ECE, 黎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9ECE

[U+9ECD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9ECF]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 202, +3, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹人水 (HHOE), four-corner 27132, composition𥝢𠆢)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1517, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47994
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2049, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4759, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9ECE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *riːl): semantic  (millet) + phonetic  (OC *rids).

EtymologyEdit

“black; numerous”
Cognate with (“black”) (Wang, 1982).
“Li people”
From Hlai Hlai. Alleged to be used in Eastern Han dynasty book Yiwu Zhi:
南裔異物廣州𥠖 [MSC, trad.]
南裔异物广州𥠖 [MSC, simp.]
From: 顧炎武《天下郡國利病書》, early Qing dynasty
“Nányì Yìwù Zhì” wèi: Lǐ zài Guǎngzhōu zhī nán, sú hū Lǐ wèi 𥠖. [Pinyin]
(please add an English translation of this example)

Before Song dynasty, () was a more common term.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit


Note: lài/lai2 - surname.
Note: loi5 - surname.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lei/
Pan
Wuyun
/lei/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛj/
Li
Rong
/lei/
Wang
Li
/liei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lej › ‹ lej ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˁij/ (Cf. 耆 0552l ɡij < *[ɡ]rij ‘old’) /*[r]ˁij/
English old black

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7880
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*riːl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. black
  2. numerous; crowded
      ―  mín  ―  common people
  3. almost
      ―  míng  ―  dawn
  4. () (historical) state of Li (a state in modern-day Shanxi, China, during the Shang dynasty)
  5. (~族) Li people (the largest ethnic minority in Hainan, China)
  6. Short for 黎巴嫩 (Líbānèn, “Lebanon”).
  7. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. black, bluish black
  2. gloomy, dusky
  3. used to indicate the Li people of Hainan Province, China

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ryeo>yeo) (hangeul >, revised ryeo>yeo, McCune–Reischauer ryŏ>yŏ, Yale lye>ye)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, )

  1. spelt as , the fourth most common surname among ethnic Vietnamese.