See also: -가

(see here for the particle and verbal suffix)

U+AC00, 가
HANGUL SYLLABLE GA
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:r-k
[unassigned: U+ABFA–U+ABFF]

[U+ABF9]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AC01]
U+320E, ㈎
PARENTHESIZED HANGUL KIYEOK A

[U+320D]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+320F]
U+326E, ㉮
CIRCLED HANGUL KIYEOK A

[U+326D]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+326F]




→ 개

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(g) is the first consonant and (a) is the first vowel in the ordering of Hangul.

SymbolEdit

(ga)

  1. The first syllable in the standard ordering of Hangul, the Korean alphabet. Often used to mark the first item of a list or sub-list, equivalent to English (A).
Derived termsEdit
  • 가갸시절 (gagyasijeol, childhood; time when you first learn your letters)(North Korea)
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᇫ〯 (Yale: kǒz).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠(ː)]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?

NounEdit

(ga)

  1. (especially in compounds) border, edge, end
    Antonyms: (sok), (an)
    강가ganggariverside
    냇가naetgastreamside
    우물가umulgawell side
  2. (with an implied or explicit possessor) around, nearby, beside
    Synonyms: (yeop), 주변(周邊) (jubyeon)
    앉았다.Geu ga-e na-neun anjatda.I sat beside it.
    부처님 만발했다.
    Bucheonim ga-e kkot-deur-i manbal-haetda.
    The flowers were in full bloom around the Buddha.
  3. brim (of a vessel)
    참기름 따를 흘리지 도록 조심해라.
    Chamgireum-eul ttareul ttae ga-e heulliji an-torok josimhaera.
    Be careful not to spill on the brim when pouring sesame oil.
Usage notesEdit
  • In compounds, it takes the genitive (-s-).
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Korean word from (house, family).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?ka

NounEdit

(ga) (hanja )

  1. (formal) family, household
    Synonym: 가족(家族) (gajok)
  2. (chiefly in compounds) dynasty, lineage, household, House
    합스부르크hapseubureukeu-gaHouse of Hapsburg
    재벌jaebeol-gacorporate family

SuffixEdit

—가 (-ga) (hanja )

  1. -er, -ist
    Synonyms: 자(者) (ja), 수(手) (su)
    건축(建築) (geonchuk, architecture) + ‎가(家) (ga) → ‎건축가(建築家) (geonchukga, architect)
    전략(戰略) (jeollyak, strategy) + ‎가(家) (ga) → ‎전략가(戰略家) (jeollyakga, strategist)
    자본(資本) (jabon, capital) + ‎가(家) (ga) → ‎자본가(資本家) (jabonga, capitalist)
    애묘(愛猫) (aemyo, loving cats) + ‎가(家) (ga) → ‎애묘가(愛猫家) (aemyoga, cat-lover)

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Sino-Korean word from (possible).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?

NounEdit

(ga) (hanja )

  1. (chiefly suffixal) allowed; permitted
    Antonym: 불가(不可) (bulga)
    15 관람sibose gwallam gathose of age 15 permitted to watch
    분할 상환bunhal sanghwan gadivided reimbursement allowed
  2. aye, for (in meetings, etc.)
    Antonym: 부(否) (bu)
    의원 여러분께서 안건 대해 인지 인지 결정해주시기 바랍니다.
    Uiwon yeoreobun-kkeseo-neun bon angeon-e daehae ga-inji bu-inji-reul gyeoljeonghae-jusigi-reul baramnida.
    Members of parliament, please decide whether you are for or against on this agenda.
  3. The lowest score in the five-point grading system in South Korean schools, ultimately abolished in 2012; equivalent to E or F in the Roman alphabet grading scheme.
    Coordinate terms: 수(秀) (su), 우(優) (u), 미(美) (mi), 양(良) (yang)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Sino-Korean word from (price, value).

SuffixEdit

—가 (-ga) (hanja )

  1. price
  2. (physics, after a numeral) valence
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

Sino-Korean word from (street).

SuffixEdit

—가 (-ga) (hanja )

  1. (in address names) street
    종로3jongno-sam-gaJongno, third street
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 7Edit

Sino-Korean word from (false).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?

PrefixEdit

가— (ga-) (hanja )

  1. false
  2. temporary
Related termsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 8Edit

Sino-Korean word from (to add).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?ka

RootEdit

(ga) (hanja )

  1. Root of 가하다 (gahada). Rarely used alone.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 9Edit

From Middle Korean 가〮 (Yale: ); see the main entry for more.

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?ka

VerbEdit

(ga)

  1. infinitive of 가다 (gada, to go): see 가다 (gada), (-eo).

Etymology 10Edit

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(ga)

Extended content
  1. : lie
    (eumhun reading: 거짓 (geojit ga))
    (MC reading: )
  2. : temple
    (eumhun reading: (jeol ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨɑ))
  3. : beautiful
    (eumhun reading: 아름다울 (areumdaul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠɛ))
  4. : lie
    (eumhun reading: 거짓 (geojit ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaX, kˠaH))
  5. : furniture
    (eumhun reading: 가구 (gagu ga))
    (MC reading: )
  6. : price
    (eumhun reading: (gap ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaH))
  7. : to add
    (eumhun reading: 더할 (deohal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  8. : right;able
    (eumhun reading: 옳을 (oreul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɑX))
  9. : to scold
    (eumhun reading: 꾸짖을 (kkujijeul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC hɑ, hɑH))
  10. : coffee
    (eumhun reading: 커피 (keopi ga))
    (MC reading: )
  11. : a surname
    (eumhun reading: 성씨 (seongssi ga))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  12. : right, good
    (eumhun reading: 옳을 (oreul ga))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  13. : beautiful, joyous;happy
    (eumhun reading: 아름다울 (areumdaul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  14. : uneven;unlevel
    (eumhun reading: 평탄하지 않을 (pyeongtanhaji aneul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɑX, kʰɑH))
  15. : get married (of women)
    (eumhun reading: 시집갈 (sijipgal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaH))
  16. : house
    (eumhun reading: (jip ga))
    (MC reading: (MC tʰuət̚))
  17. : house
    (eumhun reading: (jip ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  18. : severe;harsh
    (eumhun reading: 가혹할 (gahokhal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɑ))
  19. : lotus root, aubergine
    (eumhun reading: 연줄기, 가지 (yeonjulgi, gaji ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨɑ, kˠa))
  20. : reed
    (eumhun reading: 갈대 (galdae ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  21. : drinking-cup
    (eumhun reading: 술잔 (suljan ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaX))
  22. : spare time
    (eumhun reading: , 겨를 (teum, gyeoreul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦˠaH))
  23. : rack
    (eumhun reading: 시렁 (sireong ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaH))
  24. : knife; flail
    (eumhun reading: (kal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨɑ, kˠa))
  25. : branch
    (eumhun reading: 가지 (gaji ga))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  26. : catalpa
    (eumhun reading: 개오동나무 (gae'odongnamu ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaX))
  27. : catalpa
    (eumhun reading: 개오동나무 (gae'odongnamu ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaX))
  28. : music; song
    (eumhun reading: 노래 (norae ga))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  29. : agate
    (eumhun reading: 마노 (mano ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɑ))
  30. : hair ornament
    (eumhun reading: 머리꾸미개 (meorikkumigae ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  31. : used in transliterating Sanskrit
    (eumhun reading: 부처 이름 (bucheo ireum ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kɨɑ, kˠa))
  32. : scab
    (eumhun reading: 딱지 (ttakji ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  33. : to plant
    (eumhun reading: 심을 (simeul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaH))
  34. : a reed pipe
    (eumhun reading: 호드기 (hodeugi ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  35. : flail
    (eumhun reading: 도리깨 (dorikkae ga))
    (MC reading: )
  36. : boat;ship
    (eumhun reading: (bae ga))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  37. : street
    (eumhun reading: 거리 (geori ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠɛ, kˠɛi))
  38. : the robes of fully ordained Buddhist monks and nuns
    (eumhun reading: 가사 (gasa ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  39. : to scold
    (eumhun reading: 꾸짖을 (kkujijeul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  40. : music;song
    (eumhun reading: 노래 (norae ga))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  41. : price, value
    (eumhun reading: (gap ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kuoX, kˠaX, kˠaH))
  42. : to do a lotus position
    (eumhun reading: 책상다리할 (chaeksangdarihal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  43. : handcart, a surname
    (eumhun reading: 수레, 사람 이름 (sure, saram ireum ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɑ, kʰɑX, kʰɑH))
  44. : yoke
    (eumhun reading: 멍에 (meong'e ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaH))