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U+AC00, 가
HANGUL SYLLABLE GA
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input: r-k
[unassigned: U+ABFA–U+ABFF]

[U+ABF9]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AC01]

Contents

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit





→ 개

PronunciationEdit


IPA(key) [ka̠]
Phonetic Hangul
Romanizations
RR ga
RR (translit.) ga
MC ka
Yale ka

SymbolEdit

(ga)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of and . The first syllable of the hangul writing system. Often used to mark the first item of a list or sub-list.

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as ᄀᆞᆺ (Yale: kos).

PronunciationEdit


IPA(key) [ka̠ː]
Phonetic Hangul
Romanizations
RR ga
RR (translit.) ga
MC ka
Yale

NounEdit

(ga)

  1. (often as a suffix) bound, edge, end, margin, rim, side, verge, brink
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Unknown. It was not attested in texts from the 15th century, and its first attestation has been variously placed at 1572 CE[1] or mid-17th century[2]. It was initially a subject particle, of limited distribution and used in a complementary manner to (-i). The development of its usage is as follows:[3]

  1. Since the mid-17th century: used after nouns ending in -i or -y,
    e.g. pwuli-ka ("mouth"), nay-ka ("scent"), poy-ka ("boat");
  2. Since the mid-18th century: used after nouns ending in vowels/semivowels other than -i,
    e.g. ca-ka ("one who"), soyngswo-ka, nwongso-ka ("farm work");
  3. During the end of the 18th century: used briefly in the form of double particle -i/yka after nouns ending in vowels/semivowels other than -i,
    e.g. to-yka ("road"), inkwu-yka ("population"), nwongso-yka ("farm work").

Various theories exist regarding its origin:

  1. Developed from the interrogative particle (-ga);[4]
  2. Developed from the vocative case particle (-ha)/ (-a);[5]
  3. Developed from the connective ending 다가 (-daga);[6]
  4. Borrowed from the Japanese nominative particle (ga).[7]

PronunciationEdit


IPA(key) [ka̠]
Phonetic Hangul
Romanizations
RR ga
RR (translit.) ga
MC ka
Yale ka

ParticleEdit

(ga)

  1. Indicates the subject of a sentence.
  2. Indicates the subjective complement of a sentence, usually used with 되다 (doeda, become) or 아니다 (anida, be not).
Usage notesEdit
  • (ga) indicates the subject of the verb in the sentence, as opposed to the object, which * (reul) indicates. See also (neun), which indicates the topic of the sentence.
  • (ga) is used only after words ending with a vowel. After words ending with a consonant, (i) is used instead.
SynonymsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters

PronunciationEdit


IPA(key) [ka̠]
Phonetic Hangul
Romanizations
RR ga
RR (translit.) ga
MC ka
Yale ka

IPA(key) [ka̠ː]
Phonetic Hangul
Romanizations
RR ga
RR (translit.) ga
MC ka
Yale

NounEdit

(ga)

  1. (): family, house
  2. (): price, value
  3. (): falsehood

SuffixEdit

—가 (-ga)

  1. (): street
    • 종로3
      Jongno 3(sam)-ga
      "The 3rd Jongno Street"

SyllableEdit

(ga)

  1. : lie
    (eumhun reading: 거짓 가 (geojit ga))
  2. : temple
    (eumhun reading: 절 가 (jeol ga))
  3. : beautiful
    (eumhun reading: 아름다울 가 (areumdaul ga))
  4. : lie
    (eumhun reading: 거짓 가 (geojit ga))
  5. : furniture
    (eumhun reading: 가구 가 (gagu ga))
  6. : price
    (eumhun reading: 값 가 (gap ga))
  7. :
  8. :
  9. :
  10. :
  11. :
  12. :
  13. :
  14. :
  15. :
  16. :
  17. :
  18. :
  19. :
  20. :
  21. :
  22. :
  23. :
  24. :
  25. :
  26. :
  27. :
  28. :
  29. :
  30. :
  31. :
  32. :
  33. :
  34. :
  35. :
  36. :
  37. : street
    (eumhun reading: 거리 가 (geori ga))
  38. :
  39. :
  40. :
  41. :
  42. :
  43. :
  44. :
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Infinitive of 가다 (gada, “to go”).

PronunciationEdit


IPA(key) [ka̠]
Phonetic Hangul
Romanizations
RR ga
RR (translit.) ga
MC ka
Yale ka

VerbEdit

(ga) (infinitive of 가다)

  1. connective form of 가다 (gada, “to go”): because of going, upon going.
  2. informal form of 가다 (gada, “to go”): go (indicative/interrogative/imperative), let's go
SynonymsEdit
  • (infinitive of 가다, because of going, upon going): 가서 (gaseo)

Etymology 6Edit

NounEdit

(ga)

  1. la (musical note)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 洪允杓, 主格語尾 「-가」에 대하여, 國語學 제3집, 1975.12, 65-91.
  2. ^ 고광모, 주격조사 ‘-가’의 발달, 사단법인 한국언어학회 2013년 겨울학술대회 발표논문집, 2013.12, 69-78.
  3. ^ 홍윤표, 近代國語硏究(Ⅰ), 태학사, 1994, pp. 412-413.
  4. ^ 이숭녕, 주격(主格) '가'의 발달(發達)과 그 해석(解釋), 국어국문학 제19권, 1958.6, 53-57.
  5. ^ 辛兌鉉, 鷄林類事·華夷譯語의 朝鮮 古語 續考, 한글, 1941.3, 9-2(통권84), pp. 1-2.
  6. ^ Ramstedt, G.J., Studies in Korean Etymology, 1949, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura.
  7. ^ 鄭光, 主格 ‘가’의 發達에 대하여: 近代國語資料의 解釋을 中心으로, 우리문화, 2.