U+B124, 네
HANGUL SYLLABLE NE
Composition: +

[U+B123]
Hangul Syllables
[U+B125]
See also: -네




너 ←→ 녀

Jeju edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

See Korean (ne).

Determiner edit

(ne)

  1. four

Etymology 2 edit

See Korean (nae).

Noun edit

(ne)

  1. smoke

References edit

  • ” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.

Korean edit

Etymology 1 edit

First attested in the Jīlín lèishì (鷄林類事 / 계림유사), 1103, as Late Old Korean  (Yale: *nay).

In the Hangul script, first attested in the Yongbi eocheon'ga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 네〯 (Yale: něy).

Beyond Middle Korean, the reconstruction of the ancestral Koreanic root for "four" is difficult. See a list of relevant attestations and forms in Appendix:Historical Koreanic numerals#Four.

Pronunciation edit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ne̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ne
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ne
McCune–Reischauer?ne
Yale Romanization?nēy

Determiner edit

Korean numbers (edit)
40
[a], [b], [c] ←  3 4 5  → [a], [b]
    Native isol.: (net)
    Native attr.: (ne), (dated) (neok), (archaic) (neo)
    Sino-Korean: (sa)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 넷째 (netjjae)

(ne)

  1. (native numeral) four (of something)
    학생 haksaeng ne myeongfour students
    비둘기 마리bidulgi ne marifour pigeons
    그림 있습니다.Ne gae-ui geurim-i itseumnida.There are four pictures.
Usage notes edit

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • 반(班) (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • 반(班) (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세 (hana-man deo juse-yo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (il deohagi ir-eun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.

Etymology 2 edit

Probably from the same source as (ye), plausibly *녜 (*nye) (apparently not directly attested).

Pronunciation edit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ne
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ne
McCune–Reischauer?ne
Yale Romanization?ney

Interjection edit

(ne)

  1. (polite) yes
    , 습니다.Ne, al-get-seumnida.Yes, I understand.
Usage notes edit
  • Korean has a number of words for "yes". (ye) is highly polite and formal, appropriate in an interview; (ne) is polite but less formal, appropriate in a conversation with parents; and (eung) and (eo) are plain and non-formal, appropriate in a conversation with friends.

Etymology 3 edit

nominative
From Middle Korean 네〯 (ně-y).
Equivalent to a contraction of (neo, you) +‎ (-i, nominative case marker), which is no longer grammatically accepted.
genitive
From Middle Korean (nèy).
Equivalent to a contraction of (neo, you) +‎ (-ui, genitive case marker).

Pronunciation edit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ni/ne
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ni/ne
McCune–Reischauer?ni/ne
Yale Romanization?ni/ney

Pronoun edit

(ne)

  1. Form of (neo, you):
    1. Only used in 네가 (nega): the nominative form of (neo, you).
    2. your; genitive of (neo, you).
Usage notes edit
  • Usually pronounced (ni) to avoid homophony with (nae, I, me; my). The (ne) pronunciation is still used in reading literature, songs, etc.
  • (nominative): (neo-ga) is increasingly common.
  • (genitive): (neo) used attributively, without any genitive marking, is also common.

Etymology 4 edit

Related to 누구 (nugu). Possibly descended from 뉘〯 (Yale: nwǔy).

Pronoun edit

(ne)

  1. (Koryo-mar) who, whom
    • 2015 February 18, 신 크세이냐 본서너브나 [sin keuseinya bonseoneobeuna], “내 덕에 먹고 산다 [nae deoge meokgo sanda]”, in 한국구비문학대계 [han'gukgubimunhakdaegye]‎[1], 우즈베키스탄 타쉬켄트 이크마을 [ujeubekiseutan taswikenteu ikeuma'eul]:
      는가?
      Ya neo-neun ne deog-e sa-neun'ga?
      Hey, thanks to who is it that you live well?