Korean

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Etymology

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First attested in the Yongbi eocheon'ga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 말〯ᄒᆞ다〮 (Yale: mǎl-hòtá), equivalent to modern (mal, word) +‎ -하다 (-hada, to do, light verb deriving active verbs).

Pronunciation

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  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈma̠(ː)ɾɦa̠da̠]
    • Audio:(file)
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?malhada
Revised Romanization (translit.)?malhada
McCune–Reischauer?marhada
Yale Romanization?māl.hata

Verb

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말하다 (malhada) (infinitive 말해 or 말하여, sequential 말하니) (transitive or intransitive)

  1. to speak, to talk
    한국어-로 말하자!
    Han'gugeo-ro mal-haja!
    Let's talk in Korean! (colloquial)
    사랑한-다고 말해.
    Nal sarang-han-dago mal-haejwo.
    Tell me you love me. (colloquial)
    -가 여기 -다고 그녀-에게 말해.
    Ne-ga yeogi it-dago geunyeo-ege mal-hae.
    Tell her you’re here.
    어제 -은 미안하-다고 말하고 싶어요. — 괜찮아요. 아나.
    Eoje ir-eun mian-ha-dago mal-hago sipeoyo. - Gwaenchanayo. Ana.
    I want to say I’m sorry for yesterday. — It’s okay, Anna.
    Original English texts from 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
    • 2016, VOA Learning English[1], archived from the original on 13 November 2018:
  2. to explain (by talking)
    상황-을 어떻게 말해야지?
    I sanghwang-eul eotteoke malhaeyaji?
    How do I explain this situation? (colloquial)
    -는 지역-이 어떻게 변화했-는지-에 대해서 말했다.
    Wang ssi-neun geu jiyeog-i eotteoke byeonhwa-haen-neunji-e dae-haeseo mal-haetda.
    Wang spoke of how the area had changed.

Conjugation

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