말하다

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 말〯ᄒᆞ다〮 (Yale: mǎl-hòtá), equivalent to modern (mal, word) +‎ 하다 (hada, to do, light verb).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈma̠(ː)ɾɦa̠da̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?malhada
Revised Romanization (translit.)?malhada
McCune–Reischauer?marhada
Yale Romanization?māl.hata

VerbEdit

말하다 (malhada) (infinitive 말해 or 말하여, sequential 말하니)

  1. to speak, to talk
    한국어말하자!
    Han'gugeoro malhaja!
    Let's talk in Korean! (colloquial)
    사랑한다고 말해줘.
    Nal saranghan-dago malhaejwo.
    Tell me you love me. (colloquial)
    여기 다고 그녀에게 말해.
    Nega yeogi itdago geunyeo'ege malhae.
    Tell her you’re here.
    2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
    어제 미안하다고 말하고 어요. — 괜찮아요. 아나.
    Eoje ireun mianhadago malhago sipeoyo. - gwaenchanayo. Ana.
    I want to say I’m sorry for yesterday. — It’s okay, Anna.
    Original English texts from 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
  2. to explain (by talking)
    상황어떻게 말해야지?
    I sanghwang'eul eotteoke malhaeyaji?
    How do I explain this situation? (colloquial)
    왕 씨는 그 지역어떻게 변화했는지에 대해말했다.
    Wang ssineun geu jiyeogi eotteoke byeonhwahaenneunjie daehaeseo malhaetda.
    Wang spoke of how the area had changed.

ConjugationEdit