U+C548, 안
HANGUL SYLLABLE AN
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:d-k-s

[U+C547]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C549]

KoreanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [a̠n]
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Revised Romanization? an
Revised Romanization (translit.)? an
McCune–Reischauer? an
Yale Romanization? an

Etymology 1Edit





씨 ←→ 애

SyllableEdit

(an)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of , , and .

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean  (Yale: anh).

NounEdit

(an)

  1. inside; interior
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Contraction of 아니 (ani), ultimately from Old Korean 不知 (*ANti).

AdverbEdit

(an)

  1. not
    먹어? 
    An meogeo?
    Won’t [you] eat?
    먹어! 
    An meogeo!
    [I] won’t eat!
Related termsEdit

Usage notesEdit

The related auxiliary verb 않다 (anta) is used to negate a clause, and has a more formal connotation. Compare:

Certain terms or expressions have a strong (sometimes obligatory) preference for one negation type or another. For example, adjectives derived from 스럽다 (seureopda) are usually negated by 않다 (anta), as do inherently negative verbs such as 없다 (eopda, “to not have”) and 모르다 (moreuda, “to not know”). By contrast, negated rhetorical questions obligatorily require (an).

(an, “not”) negates only the verb or adjective, whereas 않다 (anta) negates the entire embedded clause. While this difference is often not semantically meaningful, it can also lead to contrasting meanings, such as when the particle (man, “only”) is involved:

  • 사과 먹어. 
    Sagwaman an meogeo.
    Apples are the only thing they don't eat.
  • 사과 먹지 않아. 
    Sagwaman meokji ana.
    They don't only eat apples [but they eat other things too].

In the first case, only the verb 먹다 (meokda, “to eat”) is negated. In the latter, the entire clause 사과 먹다 (sagwaman meokda, “to eat only apples”) is negated.

Etymology 4Edit

Sino-Korean word from

NounEdit

(an) (hanja )

  1. peace
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(an)

  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑnH))
  2. :
    (MC reading: )
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋˠɛnX))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑnH))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋˠanH))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑnH, ʔˠanH))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑnH))
  8. :
    (MC reading: )
  9. :
    (MC reading: )
  10. 𤎝:
    (MC reading: 𤎝)
  11. :
    (MC reading: )
  12. :
    (MC reading: )
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɑnX, ɦɑnH, kɑnH))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑn))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋənH))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑn, ŋɑnH))
  17. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC ŋˠanH))
  18. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )

ReferencesEdit