U+C800, 저
HANGUL SYLLABLE JEO
Composition: +

[U+C7FF]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C801]




쟤 ←→ 제

Jeju

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Etymology

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Cognate with Korean (jeo).

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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(jeo)

  1. (determiner) that

See also

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  • (geu, that)
  • (i, this)

Korean

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Etymology 1

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First attested in the Yongbi eocheon'ga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 뎌〮 (Yale: tyé). From Old Korean (*TYE).

Pronunciation

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  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕʌ̹]
    • Audio:(file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jeo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jeo
McCune–Reischauer?chŏ
Yale Romanization?ce

Determiner

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(jeo)

  1. that (distal determiner)
    Synonym: (jo, that, diminutive)
    Coordinate terms: (proximal) (i, this), (mesial) (geu, that)
    저기 나무 .Jeogi jeo namu-reul bwa bwa.Take a look at that tree over there.

Pronoun

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(jeo)

  1. that, that thing
    Synonym: 저것 (jeogeot, that thing)
Derived terms
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  • 저들 (jeodeul, they/them (over there))

See also

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Korean demonstratives edit
Determiner 어느
Pronoun Human 이이 그이 저이
이분 그분 저분 어느
이자 그자 저자
Object () () 어느
이것 그것 저것 어느
이거 그거 저거 어느
Place 여기 거기 저기 어디
이곳 그곳 저곳 어느 곳
Direction 이쪽 그쪽 저쪽 어느
Time 이때 그때 접때 언제
Verb 이러다 그러다 저러다 어쩌다
이리하다 그리하다 저리하다 어찌하다
Adjective 이렇다 그렇다 저렇다 어떻다
이러하다 그러하다 저러하다 어떠하다
Adverb 이리 그리 저리 어찌
이렇게 그렇게 저렇게 어떻게
이만큼 그만큼 저만큼 얼마만큼(얼마큼)

Etymology 2

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First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean  (Yale: ), originally a reflexive pronoun ("my/your/it/him/herself").

Pronunciation

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Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jeo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jeo
McCune–Reischauer?chŏ
Yale Romanization?ce

Pronoun

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(jeo)

  1. (humble) I, me; the first-person singular polite pronoun
    Synonym: (non-humble) (na, I, me)
    어제, 기차 탔습니다.Eoje, jeo-neun gicha-reul tatseumnida.Yesterday, I took a train.
Alternative forms
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  • (je)allomorph before (-ga, nominative case marker)
Derived terms
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  • (je, my)

Etymology 3

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First attested in the Jīlín lèishì (鷄林類事 / 계림유사), 1103, as Late Old Korean .

In the Hangul script, first attested in the Gugeupbang eonhae (救急方諺解 / 구급방언해), 1466, as Middle Korean 져〮 (Yale: cyé). The hanja form is from a conflation with (jeo, chopsticks), which happens to be a perfect—albeit etymologically unrelated—semantic and phonetic match. The spelling is unetymological as the two were not historically the same: the character was read as 뎌〯 (tyě) in Middle Korean, whereas the word was 져〮 (cyé) in Middle Korean.[1] Also compare dialectal (jeol).

Pronunciation

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Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jeo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jeo
McCune–Reischauer?chŏ
Yale Romanization?ce

Noun

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(jeo) (hanja )

  1. (dated or in compounds) chopstick(s)
    Synonym: 젓가락 (jeotgarak)
Derived terms
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Etymology 4

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Pronunciation

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  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕɘ(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jeo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jeo
McCune–Reischauer?chŏ
Yale Romanization?

Interjection

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(jeo)

  1. um..., uh... (conveys hesitation or a pause in speech)

Etymology 5

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Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation

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  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕɘ(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jeo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jeo
McCune–Reischauer?chŏ
Yale Romanization?

Noun

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(jeo) (hanja )

  1. written by... (written after the author's name)
    이상 I Sang jeo[written] by Yi Sang
Derived terms
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Etymology 6

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Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation

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  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕɘ(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jeo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jeo
McCune–Reischauer?chŏ
Yale Romanization?

Noun

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(jeo) (hanja )

  1. (mathematics) base of a logarithm
    Synonym: (mit)
Derived terms
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Etymology 7

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First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean  (Yale: tyèh).

Nativisation of the Sino-Korean term (, jeok), of which this is a doublet. Displaced by Korean 피리 (piri), a borrowing from Early Mandarin.

Pronunciation

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Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jeo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jeo
McCune–Reischauer?chŏ
Yale Romanization?ce

Noun

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(jeo)

  1. (music, archaic) flute; pipe

Etymology 8

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Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation

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  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕɘ(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jeo
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jeo
McCune–Reischauer?chŏ
Yale Romanization?

Prefix

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저— (jeo-) (hanja )

  1. low
    Antonym: 고(高) (go-, high)
    저(低) (jeo-) + ‎소득(所得) (sodeuk, income) → ‎저소득(低所得) (jeosodeuk, low-income)
Derived terms
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Etymology 9

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Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable

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(jeo)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC drjo|trjoX|trjoH|trjak|drjak))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC trjoX))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC tej))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC tejX))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC tejX))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC tshjo|tsjo|tsrjo|dzjoX|tsjoH))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC tejX))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC trjo))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC tsjaeX))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC trjoH|drjoH))

References

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  1. ^ 조항범 (Cho Hang-bum) (2019) “조항범 교수의 어원 이야기: 수저 [johangbeom gyosuui eowon iyagi: sujeo]”, in Munhwa ilbo[1]