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First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄒᆞ다 (hota).


  • IPA(key)[ha̠da̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? hada
Revised Romanization (translit.)? hada
McCune–Reischauer? hada
Yale Romanization? hata


하다 (hada) (infinitive or 하여, sequential 하니)

  1. 하다
    1. to do
    2. to make; to arrange; to cook
    3. to express feeling or attitude
    4. to take; to eat; to drink
      • 좀처럼 하지 않다
        sureul jomcheoreom haji anta
        to rarely drink alcohol
    5. to wear
    6. to work in/as; to operate
    7. to play a role; to take a responsibility for
      • 학생 회장하다
        haksaeng hoejang-eul hada
        to be the student body president
    8. to get a result
      • 에서 일등하다
        baneseo ildeung-eul hada
        to be at top of one's class
    9. to buy; to arrange
    10. to reach a certain price
      • 이나 한다
        jip han chaee sip eogina handa
        That house is as much as a billion won.
    11. (in the form of '…값을 하다') to meet an expectation
      • 밥값야지.
        Bapgapseun haeyaji.
        I will be worthy of food. (I will work.)
    12. (in the form of 'A B 할 것 없이') to say separately
  2. 하다
    1. to handle; to dispose
  3. 으로 하다
    1. to make become; to cause to become
      • 여자아내 하다
        yeojareul anaero hada
        to make a woman become one's wife
    2. to head; to face
      • 머리북쪽으로 하고 자다
        meorireul bukjjogeuro hago jada
        to sleep with the head northward.
    3. to decide
  4. 하다
    1. to call; to name
      • 을 '동의어'라고 한다.
        Dareun malgwa tteusi gateun mareul dong-uieo rago handa.
        We call a word which means the same with another word a 'synonym'.
  5. 으로 하다
    1. (in the form of '해서' or '하여') to be caused by
      • 로 하여 그는 중징계았다.
        I illo hayeo geuneun jungjinggyereul badatda.
        Due to this incident, he got heavily disciplined.
    2. (in the form of '해서' or '하여') to go via
      • 부산으로 해서 일본 생각이다.
        Busaneuro haeseo ilbone gal saenggagida.
        I'm going to visit Japan via Busan.
  6. See below:
    1. (in the form of '… 해서') to reach a certain time
    2. (in the form of '… 하면') to make something a topic
      • 맥주 역시 독일이다.
        Maekju hamyeon yeoksi dogirida.
        To say about beer, Germany is the best.
  7. 하다
    1. to say, to talk
      • 잠깐 하다
        jamkkan swijago hada
        to say "Let's take a rest a bit!"
    2. (in the form of '하는', often '—고 하는' being shorten to '—하는' or '—는') to be that
      • 잠깐 소리에 나는 그녀를 돌아봤다.
        Jamkkan swijaneun sorie naneun geunyeoreul dorabwatda.
        Hearing a voice saying "Let's take a rest a bit!", I looked back to her.
  8. Other uses:
    1. (after enumerating verbs) to do, actually not doing either of them well
      • 다가 다가 하다
        anjatdaga seotdaga hada
        to alternate between sitting down and standing up
    2. (after an indirect question) to think
      • 그가 무얼 는가더니 만화이었다.
        Geuga mueol boneun-ga haetdeoni manhwachaegieotda.
        I wondered what he was reading to find it was a comic.
    3. (in the form of '— 하다') to say
    4. (in the form of '—다 하면') to do, emphasizing inevitability
      • 다 하 명중이다.
        Sswatda hamyeon myeongjung-ida.
        Every time he shoots, it hits the mark.
    5. (after a word descripting sound) to sound
    6. (after a quotation not followed by any marker) to say
      • 그는 "그만!" 하고 외쳤다.
        Geuneun "geuman!" hago oechyeotda.
        "Stop!", he yelled.
    7. (in front of a sentence, in the form of '하나', '하니', '하면', '하여', ' 한데', and '해서') 'but', 'so', 'then', 'thus', 'by the way', and 'therefore' respectively.
  9. (auxiliary)
    1. (after verb or adjective, in the form of '—게 하다') to make sb/sth do
      • 아이에게 숙제를 하게 하다
        aiege sukjereul hage hada
        to have a child do the homework
        • cf.
          아이숙제를 한.
          Aiga sukjereul handa.
          A child does the homework.
      • 그릇을 [[깨끗하다|깨끗하]]게 하다
        geureuseul kkaekkeuthage hada
        to make a dish clean
        • cf.
          그릇이 [[깨끗하다|깨끗하다]].
          Geureusi kkaekkeuthada.
          A dish is clean.
    2. (after verb or adjective, in the form of '—었으면 하다') to wish that
      • 나는 여름 내렸으면.
        Naneun yeoreume biga deol naeryeosseumyeon handa.
        I wish that it rained less in summer.
    3. (after verb or adjective, in the form of '—어야 하다') to have to do
      • 모든 재료언제나 신선해야 한.
        Modeun jaeryoneun eonjena sinseonhaeya handa.
        All ingredients should always be fresh.
      • 차를 수리받아야 합니다.
        Chareul suribadaya hamnida.
        I need to get my car repaired.
    4. (after verb, in the form of '—으() 하다' or '—고자 하다') to intend to
    5. (in the form of "verb stem + '—' + semantic marker + ' 하다') to do, with an emphasis
      • 그는 .
        Geuneun jagiman handa.
        He only sleeps.
    6. (after verb, in the form of '—고 하다') to do, as a cause
    7. (after verb, in the form of '—고는 하다' or '—곤 하다') used to do
      • 시골 에, 나는 도랑따라 곤 했다.
        Sigore sal jeoge, naneun dorang-eul ttara geotgon haetda.
        When I lived in countryside, I used to walk along a ditch.
    8. (after adjective, in the form of '—어하다') to feel that sb/sth is
      • 그는 손녀몹시 귀여워했다.
        Geuneun sonnyeoreul mopsi gwiyeowohaetda.
        He loved his granddaughter very much.

Usage notesEdit

하다 (hada) is a productive suffix for creating verbs and adjectives from Korean nouns. For example,

(mal, “word, language”) → 말하다 (malhada, “to talk”)
번역 (beonyeok, “translation”) → 번역하다 (beonyeokhada, “to translate”)
사랑 (sarang, “love”) → 사랑하다 (saranghada, “to love”)



  • 행하다 (haenghada, “to do”)
  • 삼다 (samda, “to make; to cause to become”)
  • 마시다 (masida, “to take; to eat; to drink”)


하다 (hada) (infinitive or 하여, sequential 하니)

  1. (in the form of "adjective stem + '—기' + semantic marker + ' 하다') to be, with an emphasis
  2. (after adjective, in the form of '—고 하다') to be, as a cause

Middle KoreanEdit


First attested in the Hunmin jeongeum eonhae (訓民正音諺解本 / 훈민정음언해본), 1447, as Middle Korean 하다 (hata). Suspected to have same root with 크다 (keuda, “big”)


하다 (transliteration needed)

  1. many; big
    • Hunminjeongeum Eonhaebon:
      ᄆᆞᄎᆞᆷ내 제 ᄠᅳ들 시러 펴디 몯ᄒᆞᇙ 노미 하니라
      mochomnay ce ptutul sile pyedi mwotholq nwomi hanila.
      ...many of them in the end cannot state their concerns.