-άκι

GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

A reanalysis of Ancient Greek diminutives formed with the suffix -ιον (-ion) from nouns ending in -αξ (-ax), stem -ακ- (-ak-). Compare Ancient Greek λαβράκιον (labrákion) from λάβραξ (lábrax, seabass), Hellenistic ῥυάκιον (rhuákion) from ῥύαξ (rhúax, torrential stream, esp. of lava) and συάκιν (suákin) from σῦαξ (sûax, a fish species).[1] See also Ancient Greek ἱεράκιον (hierákion), Greek καμάκι (kamáki) and αυλάκι (avláki).

SuffixEdit

-άκι (-ákin

  1. Added to nouns (chiefly neuter) to give a diminutive form, expressing small size or affection.
    ποτάμι (potámi, river) + ‎-άκι (-áki) → ‎ποταμάκι (potamáki, rivulet)
    άντρας (ántras, husband) + ‎-άκι (-áki) → ‎αντράκι (antráki)
    γυναίκα (gynaíka, wife) + ‎-άκι (-áki) → ‎γυναικάκι (gynaikáki)
    κερί (kerí, candle) + ‎-άκι (-áki) → ‎κεράκι (keráki, small candle)

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • -ίτσα (-ítsa) (used with feminine nouns)

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ -άκι in Λεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek], 1998, by the "Triantafyllidis" Foundation.