Komi-ZyrianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

(-a) (soft stem variant )

  1. Used to form nouns describing the quality of an adjective; -ness
  2. Used to form adjectives having a characteristic of a noun; -like, -ly
  3. Used to form postpositions measuring the preceding noun in the quality of an adjective; as ... as

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Bubrikh, Dmitry V. (1949) Грамматика литературного коми языка [Grammar of the literary Komi language] (in Russian), Leningrad: Zhdanov Leningrad State University, page 61

RussianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (-ja)used after a soft consonant

SuffixEdit

(-a)

  1. Noun-forming suffix used to form diminutives of proper names; used after a hard (unpalatalized) consonant.

Etymology 2Edit

From early Proto-Slavic *-ja.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (-a)non-iotating

SuffixEdit

(-a)

  1. Noun-forming suffix used to form abstract nouns and agent nouns from prefixed stems ending in a consonant that becomes a hushing consonant (ш ж ч щ) when iotated. The final consonant of the stem is iotated before this suffix.
    по- (po-) + ‎клад- (klad-, to lay, to put) + ‎ (-a) → ‎покла́жа (pokláža, load)
    пропа́д- (propád-, to disappear) + ‎ (-a) → ‎пропа́жа (propáža, disappearance, loss)
    пред- (pred-, before) + ‎тек- (tek-, to flow) + ‎ (-a) → ‎предте́ча (predtéča, forerunner, precursor)
    переда́т- (peredát-, to broadcast) + ‎ (-a) → ‎переда́ча (peredáča, broadcast)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (-a)iotating

SuffixEdit

(-a)

  1. Noun-forming suffix used to form abstract nouns and agent nouns from prefixed stems. The final consonant of the stem is not iotated before this suffix.
    про- (pro-) + ‎сек- (sek-, to cut) + ‎ (-a) → ‎про́сека (próseka, path cleared in a forest)
    от- (ot-) + ‎рад (rad, glad) + ‎ (-a) → ‎отра́да (otráda, joy)
DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

(Latin spelling -a)

  1. Suffix appended to words (usually verbal stems) to create a feminine noun, usually denoting a relation or to form a proper noun.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *-a, from Proto-Indo-European *-ōd, the thematic ablative ending.

SuffixEdit

(Latin spelling -a)

  1. Forms the genitive singular of masculine and neuter nouns and indefinite adjectives.