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RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Originally from -ка (-ka) added to adjectives ending in -овый (-ovyj) or -ово́й (-ovój); later extracted out as its own suffix.

PronunciationEdit

  • -о́вка: IPA(key): [ˈofkə]
  • -овка: IPA(key): [əfkə]

SuffixEdit

-о́вка or -овка (-óvka or -ovka)

  1. suffix appended to nouns to form related nouns of various sorts, both animate and inanimate, generally referring to more specific objects than the base lemma
    коне́ц (konéc, end) (stem конц- (konc-)) + ‎-о́вка (-óvka) → ‎концо́вка (koncóvka, ending (of a story))
    ве́тер (véter, wind) (stem ветр- (vetr-)) + ‎-о́вка (-óvka) → ‎ветро́вка (vetróvka, windbreaker) (ветрово́й (vetrovój) also exists)
    кросс (kross, cross country running) + ‎-о́вка (-óvka) → ‎кроссо́вка (krossóvka, sneaker, athletic shoe)
    лист (list, leaf, sheet of paper) + ‎-о́вка (-óvka) → ‎листо́вка (listóvka, leaflet, flyer) (листово́й (listovój) also exists)
    нож (nož, knife) + ‎-о́вка (-óvka) → ‎ножо́вка (nožóvka, handsaw)
    оре́х (oréx, nut) + ‎-овка (-ovka) → ‎оре́ховка (oréxovka, nutcracker, nuthatch (bird)) (оре́ховый (oréxovyj) also exists)
  2. suffix appended to nouns referring to males, to form the corresponding noun referring to females
    вор (vor, thief) + ‎-о́вка (-óvka) → ‎воро́вка (voróvka, female thief)

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

Derived termsEdit



Serbo-CroatianEdit

SuffixEdit

-овка (Latin spelling -ovka)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, denoting a part, profession, feature, membership, origin, social status, complexion, proper name, abstract noun or animal's name.

See alsoEdit