Open main menu

Contents

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic (), from Proto-Slavic *-ь.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

(f

  1. (forms nouns denoting objects or (usually) abstract concepts from verbs, or occasionally from adjectives)
    связа́ть (svjazátʹ, to tie, to bind) + ‎ () → ‎связь (svjazʹ, tie, bond)
    -речь (-rečʹ, to speak) (root рек- (rek-)) + ‎ () → ‎речь (rečʹ, speech)
    записа́ть (zapisátʹ, to write down) + ‎ () → ‎за́пись (zápisʹ, writing down, record)
    накипе́ть (nakipétʹ, to form a scum) + ‎ () → ‎на́кипь (nákipʹ, scum)
    но́вый (nóvyj, new) + ‎ () → ‎новь (novʹ, novelty; virgin, unplowed land)
    зелёный (zeljónyj, green) + ‎ () → ‎зе́лень (zélenʹ, greenery, verdure)
    высо́кий (vysókij, high) (root выс- (vys-), cf. comparative вы́ше (výše)) + ‎ () → ‎высь (vysʹ, height(s), high place)

Usage notesEdit

  • In multisyllabic words, the stress retracts onto the first syllable.
  • Velars turn into palatals as a result of the Slavic first palatalization, as expected with what was originally a front vowel.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit