-եան

Old ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-iyn̥, *-iHn̥.

SuffixEdit

-եան ‎(-ean)

  1. Forming adjectives, e.g. առաւօտեան ‎(aṙawōtean), աստուածեան ‎(astuacean), հայկեան ‎(haykean), ներբողեան ‎(nerbołean).
Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • -եան” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi

Etymology 2Edit

Probably from Iranian *-yān, a postvocalic variant of the pluralization suffix *-ān, whence -ան ‎(-an). Alternatively, from Etymology 1, contaminated with the Iranian pluralization suffix.

SuffixEdit

-եան ‎(-ean)

  1. Forming collective nouns, e.g. բերդեան ‎(berdean), գեղեան ‎(gełean), գիւղեան ‎(giwłean), գործեան ‎(gorcean), գրեան ‎(grean), թղթեան ‎(tʿłtʿean), խոզեան ‎(xozean), հիւպատեան ‎(hiwpatean), մոգեան ‎(mogean), մորթեան ‎(mortʿean), նախարարեան ‎(naxararean), նոխազեան ‎(noxazean), քաջեան ‎(kʿaǰean).
Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • -եան” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi

Etymology 3Edit

The origin is uncertain. Perhaps the same with the adjective-forming suffix -եան ‎(-ean) of Etymology 1.

SuffixEdit

-եան ‎(-ean)

  1. singular genitive/dative/locative case ending for certain verb derivatives, especially those with -ստ ‎(-st), -ունդ ‎(-und), -ուրդ ‎(-urd)
    կորստեան‎ ― korstean ― genitive/dative/locative singular of կորուստ ‎(korust)
    ամսեան‎ ― amsean ― genitive/dative/locative singular of ամիս ‎(amis)
    խորհրդեան‎ ― xorhrdean ― genitive/dative/locative singular of խորհուրդ ‎(xorhurd)
    ծննդեան‎ ― cnndean ― genitive/dative/locative singular of ծնունդ ‎(cnund)
    տուընջեան‎ ― tuənǰean ― genitive/dative/locative singular of տիւ ‎(tiw)

ReferencesEdit

  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 106–107