-TʼEʼ

See also: -tʼeʼ

NavajoEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Athabaskan *tʼe (to be thus).

Cognate root found in Ahtna ntʼae (it is), neltʼeʼ (there are many), Chipewyan bénɛłtʼɛ (you're like him).

RootEdit

-TʼEʼ

  1. to be

Theme Category Bases Transitive bases (O + ł)
Ø adjectival

S is thus

l adjectival

S is a certain number

ł adjectival

S is similar, is like

  2. Various meanings depending on thematic prefix

Theme Category Bases Transitive bases (O + ł)
hashtʼe + Ø

S is calm or ready

P + ni + ł

S causes P to lose everything

shó + Ø

S is acquired

S acquires O

Stem setEdit

Aspect IMP PERF FUT ITER OPT
MOM -tʼeeh -tʼeʼ -tʼeeł -tʼeeh -tʼeeh
NEUT -tʼé - - - -
ABS -tʼé - - - -
COMP -tʼeʼ - - - -

See also Appendix: Roots and stems derivation.

SynonymsEdit

to be:

 
 

Derived termsEdit

Navajo terms belonging to the root -TʼEʼ (be)

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Athabaskan *tʼə̓qʼ (animate or stick-like object moves).

Cognate root found in Ahtna tiiłtʼak (I threw it away (a stick)), Koyukon kʼəltʼəx (to hit something with a stick).

Also occurs in Navajo along with hi-seriative in a motion theme related to hopping (literally, to “throw” oneself successively).

RootEdit

-TʼEʼ

  1. to propel a slender stiff object (SSO) or animate object (AnO)
Theme Category Bases Transitive bases (O + ł)
O + ł motion

S propels SSO/AnO

O + ł successive

S hits SSO/AnO (against P)

hi + d motion

S hops

Stem setEdit

Aspect IMP PERF FUT ITER OPT
MOM -tʼeʼ -tʼeʼ -tʼeeł -tʼeeh -tʼeʼ
CONT -tʼeʼ -tʼeʼ -tʼeeł -tʼeeh -tʼeʼ
REP -tʼeeh - - - -
SEM -tʼeeh -tʼeeh -tʼeeh -tʼeeh -tʼeeh

See also Appendix: Roots and stems derivation.

SynonymsEdit

AnO verbs:

 

SSO verbs:

to hop:

Derived termsEdit

Navajo terms belonging to the root -TʼEʼ (propel SSO/AnO)