Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

AbenakiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Algonquian *-aki.

SuffixEdit

-ak

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of animate words.
    sips (bird)sipsak (birds)
    wôbigo (he is white)wôbigoak (they are white)

Usage notesEdit

  • -ak is the most common suffix used to form the plurals of animate words. It is often used to form the plurals of words ending in letters other than the semivowel w or the vowel a; it is sometimes used to form the plurals of words ending in w; it is almost never used to form the plurals of words ending in a.
  • The other suffixes used to form the plurals of animate words are:
    • -ik, often used to form the plurals of words (especially nouns denoting people who have particular occupations or activities) which end in the consonant d or t (which causes the d or t to mutate into j: nodabônkad, "baker" → nodabônkajik, "bakers"); only rarely used to form the plurals of words ending in other letters (nodkwaag, notkwahag, "pilot" → nodkwaagik, notkwahagik, "pilots"),
    • -ok, used to form the plurals of many words ending in w (which it may suppress), and of some other words (which likely ended in w at an earlier stage of the language),
    • -k, used to form the plurals of almost all words that end in a, and of some words that end in other vowels or in the semivowel w; not used to form the plurals of words ending in consonants.
  • The suffixes used to form the plurals of inanimate words are:
    • -al, the most common suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words (paskhigan, "gun" → paskhiganal, "guns"), including most body parts and some words ending in the vowel a,
    • -il, used to form the plurals of some words ending in the consonant g or k; only rarely used to form the plurals of words ending in other letters,
    • -ol, used to form the plurals of some words ending in the semivowel w (which it suppresses) or other consonants (which likely ended in w at an earlier stage of the language),
    • -l, used to form the plurals of many words ending in vowels, including the semivowel w; not used to form the plurals of words ending in consonants.

ReferencesEdit

  • Joseph Laurent (1884) New Familiar Abenakis and English Dialogues, Quebec: Leger Brousseau
  • 1994, Gordon M. Day, Western Abenaki Dictionary, volumes 1 and 2

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

-a- (linking vowel) +‎ -k (plural suffix)

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ak

  1. (plural suffix) -s, -es
    ház (house)házak (houses)
    piros (red)Az almák pirosak. - The apples are red.

Usage notesEdit

  • (plural suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -k is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    (woman) →‎ k (women)
    fa (tree) →‎ k (trees)
    csésze (cup) →‎ csészék (cups)
    -ak is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    ház (house) →‎ házak (houses)
    -ok is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    pad (bench) →‎ padok (benches)
    -ek is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    kert (garden) →‎ kertek (gardens)
    -ök is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    kör (circle) →‎ körök (circles)

See alsoEdit


PolishEdit

SuffixEdit

-ak m

  1. used to form demonyms
    e.g. warszawiak, krakowiak, poznaniak
  2. used to form various nouns, many of them colloquial
    e.g. spacerniak, miedziak, buziak, prostak, pijak
  3. used to form names of dances and sports
    e.g. szczypiorniak, kujawiak, krakowiak

Usage notesEdit

This suffix usually softens the preceding consonant, causing an i to be added.

DeclensionEdit

Personal declension (e.g. demonyms):

Animate declension (e.g. dances, sports, some colloquial nouns):

Inanimate declension (some colloquial nouns):

Derived termsEdit



Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *-ъkъ.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ak (Cyrillic spelling -ак)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a performer, feature, human relation, result of an action, object, diminutive or a proper name.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ak (Cyrillic spelling -ак)

  1. Suffix appended to the present stem of verbs to form an adjective denoting a feature or a dimension.
See alsoEdit