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EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the Latin adjective suffix -ālis, or French, Middle French and Old French -el, -al. Likely, the aforementioned Latin suffix is formed from Etruscan genitive suffix -l (as in ati mother / atial mother's) + adjectival suffix -is (as in fortis, debilis, etc.).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-al

  1. of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    base, basal
    cranium, cranial
  2. Forming nouns, especially of verbal action.
    e.g. rival, proposal, denial
Usage notesEdit

If the root word contains l, the variant -ar is often used instead (e.g. solar, lunar, columnar, lumbar). Sometimes both forms are found: linear, lineal. One also sees -ial, as in manorial.

As nominalizer, some verbs have two corresponding nouns, one ending in -al and the other in -tion/-sion (more common suffix), with one or the other being more common, sometimes with different nuances. Notable examples: disposition/disposal (dispose), proposition/proposal (propose), submission/submittal (submit), transmission/transmittal (transmit). Some superficial pairs are actually of different origin, notably reversion/reversal (revert/reverse, not both from reverse).

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Extracted from the word "aldehyde"

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) Forms the names of aldehydes.
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


AbenakiEdit

SuffixEdit

-al

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words.
    pessimen (currant)pessimenal (currants)
    wôbigen (it is white)wôbigenal (they are white)

Usage notesEdit

  • -al is the most common suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words, including most body parts and some words ending in the vowel a.
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ālis.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-al (feminine -ala, masculine plural -als, feminine plural -ales)

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation.
    estructura (structure)estructural (structural).

Derived termsEdit



DanishEdit

SuffixEdit

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) -al

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) -al

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit



EsperantoEdit

SuffixEdit

-al

  1. for [...] reason (ending for correlatives of reason)

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French, from Old French -al, borrowed from Latin -ālis. Cognate to French -el, which is also from Latin -ālis but inherited (not borrowed).

SuffixEdit

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also)

Derived termsEdit



GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin -ālis.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-al

  1. pertaining to, using; adjectival suffix appended to nouns

Derived termsEdit



HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

-a- +‎ -l

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-al

  1. (verb suffix) Added to a noun to form a verb.
    szárny (a wing)szárnyal (to soar)
  2. (noun suffix) Added to a verb to form a noun (no longer productive in this role).
    von (to pull)vonal (line)

Usage notesEdit

  • (verb suffix) Variants:
    -l is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final long vowels may shorten, e.g. űü.
    -ol is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -al is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -el is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öl is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ál is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (noun suffix) Variants:
    -al is added to back vowel words
    -el is added to front vowel words

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


LeponticEdit

SuffixEdit

-al (-al)

  1. Romanization of -𐌀𐌋

NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French -al, borrowed from Borrowing from Latin -ālis.

SuffixEdit

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form)

Derived termsEdit



NovialEdit

SuffixEdit

-al

  1. Short form of -ali.

Usage notesEdit

  • Remove the last vowel (except 'u') of the given noun before appending this suffix to it.

Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin -ālis. Compare the inherited -el.

SuffixEdit

-al

  1. suffix used to form adjectives from nouns
    mesnaldomestic; household
    (from mesnee)

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle French: -al

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Portuguese -al, from Latin -ālis.

SuffixEdit

-al (plural -ais)

  1. appended to noun X, forms adjectives meaning “of or pertaining to X”
    abismo (abyss) + ‎-al → ‎abismal (abyssal; abysmal)
    indústria (factory; industry) + ‎-al → ‎industrial (industrial)
  2. forms synonyms of adjectives containing the suffix -ico
    angélico (angelic) + ‎-al → ‎angelical (angelical)
  3. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a collection X” or “a large quantity of X”
    ninho (nest) + ‎-al → ‎ninhal (a bunch of nests)
    edito (edict) + ‎-al → ‎edital (notice board)
  4. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a place where there is plenty of X”
    pedra (rock) + ‎-al → ‎pedregal (a rocky field)
    colmeia (beehive) + ‎-al → ‎colmeal (a place with many beehives)
  5. appended to the name of a plant, forms nouns meaning “a field where that plant is cultivated”
    trigo (wheat) + ‎-al → ‎trigal (wheatfield)
    sobreiro (cork oak) + ‎-al → ‎sobreiral (an orchard of cork oaks)
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the first syllable of álcool (alcohol) and aldeído (aldehyde).

SuffixEdit

-al m

  1. (chemistry) forms the names of alcohols
  2. (chemistry) forms the names of aldehydes

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ālis.

SuffixEdit

-al (plural -ales)

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation
    cultura (culture) + ‎-al → ‎cultural (cultural).
  2. In nouns, indicating a place where something is grown
    maíz (corn) + ‎-al → ‎maizal (corn field)
    naranja (orange) + ‎-al → ‎naranjal (orange grove)

SynonymsEdit

  • (indicating a place): -ar

Derived termsEdit



SwedishEdit

SuffixEdit

-al

  1. -al, of or pertaining to; forming an adjective from a noun

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit