EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English -and, -end, -ant, -nd, from Old English -ende, -ande, present participle ending of verbs, and -end, -nd, agent ending, both from Proto-West Germanic *-andī, from Proto-Germanic *-andz (present participle suffix), from Proto-Indo-European *-onts. More at -ing.

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-and

  1. (now chiefly dialectal, Scotland) Used to form the present participle of verbs, equivalent to -ing.
    livand, nurischand, ravand, snipand, goand
  2. (rare or no longer productive) A suffix of Anglo-Saxon origin forming adjectives from verbs analogous to -ing.
    waniand, blatant, blicant, farrand, flippant, gainand, rampant, trippant, warkand

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin gerundive termination -andus, -endus. More at -end.

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-and

  1. A suffix forming nouns denoting patients or recipients of actions, such as compiland.
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From -amod / -emed.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-and

  1. (instantaneous suffix, rare) Added to a stem to form a verb with an instantaneous meaning.
    csiklik (to tickle) (obsolete)csikland (to tickle) (archaic or literary); compare current csiklandoz
  2. (personal suffix, archaic) Added to a verb to form the future tense.
    fog (to hold, to catch)fogand (he/she/it will hold or catch)
    áll (to stand)álland (he/she/it will stand)

Usage notesEdit

  • (both senses) Harmonic variants:
    -and is added to back-vowel verbs
    -end is added to front-vowel verbs

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ -and in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  2. ^ Kiss, Jenő and Ferenc Pusztai (eds.). A magyar nyelvtörténet kézikönyve (’A Handbook of Hungarian Linguistic History’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2018, page 145, section 3.2., →ISBN

OjibweEdit

FinalEdit

-and

  1. act on by mouth

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit