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HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ca

  1. (diminutive suffix) Added to a noun or a proper noun to form a diminutive.
    Teréz (Teresa)Teca (Tessa)

Usage notesEdit

  • (diminutive suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ca is added to back vowel words
    -ce is added to front vowel words

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Declined forms of -cus (adjectival suffix).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ca

  1. nominative feminine singular of -cus
  2. nominative neuter plural of -cus
  3. accusative neuter plural of -cus
  4. vocative feminine singular of -cus
  5. vocative neuter plural of -cus

SuffixEdit

-cā

  1. ablative feminine singular of -cus

Etymology 2Edit

Declined forms of -cum (nominal suffix).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ca n

  1. nominative plural of -cum
  2. accusative plural of -cum
  3. vocative plural of -cum

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *-ukô, equivalent to -oc +‎ -a.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ca m

  1. Creates concrete masculine nouns from adjectives or verbs, usually typifying a condition or state, or characterising a diminutive aspect.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit



PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ьca

SuffixEdit

-ca m pers

  1. Forms agent nouns

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit

-czyni f


Serbo-CroatianEdit

SuffixEdit

-ca (Cyrillic spelling -ца)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, usually a diminutive form expressing endearment.

TurkishEdit

SuffixEdit

-ca

  1. like, -like, -ly; -ish; as if, as though; in the way of
  2. Used to form adverbs from nouns and adjectives.
    aptal (idiot, idiotic) + ‎-ca → ‎aptalca (idiotically)
  3. -ish: Used to form languages from a demonym/nationality.
    İspanyol (Spaniard, Spanish) + ‎-ca → ‎İspanyolca (Spanish language) (literally "like a Spaniard")
  4. -ian, -ese: Used to form languages the name of a country or region.
    İzlanda (Iceland) + ‎-ca → ‎İzlandaca (Icelandic language) (literally "in the way of Iceland")
    Malta (Malta) + ‎-ca → ‎Maltaca (Maltese language)

Usage notesEdit

  • It is used when the nationality word's last vowel is one of "a", "ı", "o" or "u" and the last consonant is one of "b", "c", "d", "g", "ğ", "j", "l", "m", "n", "r", "v", "y" or "z"
  • It can become -ce, -ça, -çe according to the last vowel and the last consonant of the word.

Derived termsEdit