The suffix first occurs in loans from Old French into Middle English, but becomes productive within English by the 16th century, in some instances properly a combination of -er with -y as in bakery, brewery, but also as a single suffix in terms like slavery, machinery.
- Art, craft or practice.
- Place of art, craft or practice.
- Organisation or movement.
- Freemasonry, Rodnovery
- Class or group, collection of.
- Characteristic of.