-ior

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *-jōs, from Proto-Indo-European *-yōs.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ior m, f ‎(neuter -ius); third declension

  1. forms adjectives’ comparative degrees
    esculentusesculentior
    pūtiduspūtidior
    ulterulterior (not *ultrior)

DeclensionEdit

Third declension, comparative variant.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative -ior -ius -iōrēs -iōra
genitive -iōris -iōris -iōrum -iōrum
dative -iōrī -iōrī -iōribus -iōribus
accusative -iōrem -ius -iōrēs -iōra
ablative -iōre -iōre -iōribus -iōribus
vocative -ior -ius -iōrēs -iōra

Usage notesEdit

  • This suffix is usually appended to the oblique stem of the adjective’s absolute degree.

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit

  • -issimus ‎(suffix forming adjectives’ superlative degrees)

ReferencesEdit

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