Open main menu

Contents

EgyptianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

 
  1. Marks the dual form of nouns and adjectives. Attaches to the singular form if feminine or the plural form if masculine.
  2. Sometimes added to suffix pronouns attached to dual nouns.
Usage notesEdit

Often this is represented by writing the phonetic or determinative glyph twice, e.g. tꜣwj:

 
 
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Afro-Asiatic *-i (genitive-possessive case ending).

PronunciationEdit

 

SuffixEdit

 
  1. Converts nouns and prepositions into masculine adjectives: the masculine nisba adjective ending.

Etymology 3Edit

From earlier *-iu or *-iju, from Proto-Afro-Asiatic *-u (nominative case ending) attached to a root ending in *-i or *-ij.

PronunciationEdit

 

SuffixEdit

 
  1. Forms i-stem masculine nouns from roots.

Etymology 4Edit

SuffixEdit

 
  1. Forms prepositional adverbs from certain prepositions.

Etymology 5Edit

From the earlier infinitival ending -t; the consonant of this suffix became silent over time, leaving its remaining vowel to be represented by -j.

SuffixEdit

 
  1. Forms the infinitive of anomalous verbs, weak verbs (except for fourth weak verbs with a geminated stem), and causative biliteral verbs.

Etymology 6Edit

SuffixEdit

 
  1. Optionally marks the masculine imperfective active participle, intervening between the stem and the gender/number endings.
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 7Edit

SuffixEdit

 
  1. Optionally marks the masculine geminated perfective passive participle of strong biliteral verbs, intervening between the stem and the gender/number endings.

See alsoEdit

  • .j (first-person singular suffix pronoun)

ReferencesEdit

  • Allen, James (2010) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, revised second edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN
  • Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the nominative plural in /i/ or /j/ found in many European languages, particularly the original diphthongs Ancient Greek -οι (-oi), -αι (-ai), and Latin -ae.

SuffixEdit

-j

  1. -s. (Marks the plural form of nouns, adjectives, and some pronouns.)
    juna patro (young father)junaj patroj (young fathers)

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-j

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the second-person singular subjunctive/imperative of verbs (indefinite conjugation).
    vár (to wait)Várj! - Wait!

Usage notesEdit

See alsoEdit