Open main menu

FinnishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-nta. Related to Karelian -nta, Livvi -ndu and Veps -nd, as well as to Estonian -nd, possibly borrowed from Finnish.

SuffixEdit

-nta (front vowel harmony variant -ntä)

  1. Forms nouns that describe an action.
    toimia (to act)toiminta (action)
    ampua (to shoot)ammunta (shooting)
    lääkitä (to medicate)lääkintä (medication)
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of -nta (Kotus type 9/kala, nt-nn gradation)
nominative -nta -nnat
genitive -nnan -ntojen
partitive -ntaa -ntoja
illative -ntaan -ntoihin
singular plural
nominative -nta -nnat
accusative nom. -nta -nnat
gen. -nnan
genitive -nnan -ntojen
-ntainrare
partitive -ntaa -ntoja
inessive -nnassa -nnoissa
elative -nnasta -nnoista
illative -ntaan -ntoihin
adessive -nnalla -nnoilla
ablative -nnalta -nnoilta
allative -nnalle -nnoille
essive -ntana -ntoina
translative -nnaksi -nnoiksi
instructive -nnoin
abessive -nnatta -nnoitta
comitative -ntoineen
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

From -na (essive suffix) + -ta (partitive suffix, from Uralic ablative).

SuffixEdit

-nta (front vowel harmony variant -ntä)

  1. (dialectal, nonstandard) Forms the exessive case.
    erota presidentintäto resign from being a president
Usage notesEdit
  • The exessive case is not part of the standard language and is only found in dialects.
  • The suffix is appended to the same stem as the ablative suffix.

PitjantjatjaraEdit

PronounEdit

-nta (second person singular accusative, bound form of nyuntunya)

  1. you (singular, object)

Usage notesEdit

Bound pronouns can be used instead of the regular "long form" pronouns. They act as clitics that attach to the last word of the first noun phrase in the sentence, or the conjunctions ka or munu if present.