LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Perhaps ultimately from the nominative masculine singular of contrastive adjectives in Proto-Indo-European *-teros, later used more generally; perhaps extended from the suffix in prepositions like inter, praeter. Cognate with Ancient Greek -τερος (-teros).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ter (comparative -tius, superlative -tissimē)

  1. -ly; used to form adverbs from adjectives.

Usage notesEdit

The suffix -ter is usually added to a third-declension adjective or participle stem to form an adverb of manner.

Examples:
prudenter (intelligently, wisely), from prudēns (knowing, experienced)
dissimulanter (dissemblingly, secretly), from dissimulāns, present active participle of dissimulō (dissemble, conceal)

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


WelshEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *-teros (comparative suffix[1]),[2] from Proto-Indo-European *-teros. Cognate with Cornish -ter.

PronunciationEdit

Usage notesEdit

/tɛr/ and /dɛr/ are variants of the same suffix. /tɛr/ (phonetically [tʰɛr]) is always spelt -ter whereas /dɛr/ is represented by -ter after an unvoiced fricative (phonetically [tɛr]) and by -der after other voiced sounds (phonetically [dɛr]).

SuffixEdit

-ter m (plural -terau)

  1. forming abstract nouns, -ness, -ment
    craff (observant, astute) + ‎-ter → ‎craffter (astuteness)
    pell (far) + ‎-ter → ‎pellter (distance)
    gwag (empty) + ‎-ter → ‎gwacter (emptiness)

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “-ter”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, § 143 iii (9)
  2. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “-ter”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies