Translingual edit

Symbol edit

AD

  1. (international standards) ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code for Andorra.
    Synonym: AND (alpha-3)

English edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

AD

  1. (often punctuated) Initialism of anno Domini (borrowed from Latin); in the year of our Lord.
    They had a vibrant culture from the 3rd century BC to the 2nd century AD.
    Today is 22 February AD 2024.
    • 1916 September 23, The Saturday Evening Post, volume 189, number 13, page 3:
      Founded AO.DI. 1728 by Benj. Franklin
    • 1979, Paul Hulton, Lawrence Smith, “Naturalism in Sung China”, in Flowers in Art from East and West[1], Jarrold and Sons, →ISBN, →OCLC, page 3:
      There is a striving towards naturalism in agricultural scenes painted on bricks in tombs of the third century AD recently excavated at Chia-yü-kuan in Kansu Province which is reminiscent of later European illuminated manuscripts such as the English fifteenth-century Luttrell Psalter in the British Library.
    • 2010, John Moretti, “Perugia, Assisi & Northern Umbria”, in Florence, Tuscany & Umbria (Frommer’s), 7th edition, Wiley Publishing, Inc., →ISBN, section 2 (Assisi: An Artistic Pilgrimage), page 393:
      But keep on the lookout for the 1st-century-a.d. stele on the right wall, with symbols of the deceased’s civic scribely duties (a scroll and codex), and the fresco remnants around to the left.

Usage notes edit

  • The initialism is used to specify numbered years counting from the once estimated birth of Christ in year 1.
  • The Chicago Manual of Style, as well as most house styles, requires placing AD before the number of the year and BC after, although in casual use either abbreviation can be found in either place. It is placed after centuries. It is often printed in small caps.
  • Some use CE, for "Common Era", which is more secular in nature, to avoid potential Christian bias.
  • "AD" is not normally used in expressions like "in the year AD 1990", since in such a year it is taken for granted (and it is also redundant, literally meaning "in the year in the year of our Lord 1990"). In "Vesuvius erupted in AD 79", it is expected.

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Translations edit

Noun edit

AD (countable and uncountable, plural ADs)

  1. (film) Initialism of assistant director.
  2. (military) Initialism of air defence or air defense.
  3. (pharmacology) Initialism of antidepressant.
  4. (US, Navy) Initialism of auxiliary destroyer (a naval tender, a destroyer tender that tends to destroyers).
  5. (uncountable, pathology) Initialism of Alzheimer's disease.
    • 2015 — Larochelle, Stéphane (December 2015). "STOMPing at the bits". Nature Methods 12 (12): 1114. doi:10.1038/nmeth.3679. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
      Many neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), involve pathological protein deposits.
  6. (aviation) Initialism of airworthiness directive.
  7. (television) Abbreviation of audio description.

Hyponyms edit

  • (airworthiness directive): EAD

Coordinate terms edit

  • (destroyer tender): AS

Adjective edit

AD (not comparable)

  1. (business) Initialism of antidumping.

Proper noun edit

AD

  1. Initialism of Abu Dhabi.

Anagrams edit

Indonesian edit

Noun edit

AD

  1. Initialism of angkatan darat.
  2. Initialism of anggaran dasar.
  3. Initialism of anno Domini.

Italian edit

Noun edit

AD m or f by sense (invariable)

  1. Initialism of amministratore delegato (CEO).

Anagrams edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

First part short for anno from Latin annō, ablative of annus (year; time), from Proto-Italic *atnos (year), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂et-no-, from *h₂et- (to go).

Last part short for Domini from Latin Dominī, genitive singular of Dominus (The Lord), of dominus (lord, master of a house), from Proto-Italic *domanos, from Proto-Indo-European *domh₂nos (subduing), from *demh₂- (to domesticate, tame).

Pronunciation edit

Phrase edit

AD

  1. Initialism of anno Domini (Anno Domini).
    • 2002, Cecilie Høigård, Gategallerier:
      [AD] kan også bety noe annet enn Angel Devious, det kan bety Anno Domini
      [AD] can also mean something other than Angel Devious, it can mean Anno Domini

References edit

Anagrams edit

Swedish edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Proper noun edit

AD c (genitive AD:s)

  1. Abbreviation of Arbetsdomstolen (Labour Court). (the Swedish Labour Court)
    • 2023 April 18, Mårten Martos Nilsson, “MTR stämmer strejkarna till Arbetsdomstolen [MTR is suing the strikes in Labor Court.]”, in Arbetet:
      Som ett led i våra försök att minimera effekterna för resenärerna har vi idag via Tågföretagen lämnat in en begäran till AD om att ålägga lokförarna att återgå i arbete, bekräftar Niklas Ekström, kommunikationsansvarig vid MTR.
      "As part of our efforts to minimize the impact on travelers, today we, via the Train Companies, have submitted a request to the Labor Court to instruct the train drivers to return to work," confirms Niklas Ekström, Communications Manager at MTR.

Derived terms edit

Noun edit

AD c

  1. a combination of vitamin A and D, given to children (in 2008 replaced by only vitamin D)
  2. Initialism of art director.
  3. (soccer) Initialism of assisterande domare (assistant referee).

Declension edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit