Appendix:List of protologisms/third person singular gender neutral pronouns
Many third-person singular gender-neutral pronouns have been proposed. This is a list of those that have been proposed, whether they are attested in use or not. Those which are attested appear also in a separate Appendix.
|Nominative (subject)||Accusative (object)||Possessive adjective||Possessive pronoun||Reflexive|
|ae||ae laughed||I kissed ae||ae's head hurts||that is ae's||ae feeds aeself|
|ay||ay laughed||I kissed ay||ay's head hurts||that is ay's||ay feeds ayself|
|co||co laughed||I kissed co||cos head hurts||that is co's||co feeds coself|
|e, em, eir(s)||e laughed||I kissed em||eir head hurts||that is eirs||e feeds emself|
|e, em, e's||e laughed||I kissed em||e's head hurts||that is e's||e feeds emself|
|e, em, es||e laughed||I kissed em||es head hurts|
|e, het, het(s)||e laughed||I kissed het||het head hurts||that is hets||e feeds hetself|
|en, ar, es||en laughed||I kissed ar||es head hurts||that is es||en feeds arself|
|en, en, ens||en laughed||I kissed en||ens head hurts||that is ens||en feeds enself|
|et||et laughed||I kissed et||ets head hurts||that is ets||et feeds etself|
|ey, eir, eir(s)||ey laughed||I kissed eir||eir head hurts||that is eirs||ey feeds eirself|
|ey, em, eir(s)||ey laughed||I kissed em||eir head hurts||that is eirs||ey feeds emself|
|hann||hann laughed||I kissed hann||hanns head hurts||that is hanns||hann feeds hannself|
|he'er||he'er laughed||I kissed him(')er||his(')er head hurts||that is his(')ers|
|herm||herm laughed||I kissed herm||herm's head hurts||that is herm's||herm feeds hermself|
|hesh||hesh laughed||I kissed hesh||hesh's head hurts||that is hesh's||hesh feeds heshself|
|heshe||heshe laughed||I kissed hen||hes head hurts||that is hes||heshe feeds hemself|
|hi||hi laughed||I kissed hem||hes head hurts||that is hes||hi feeds hemself|
|himer||himer laughed||I kissed himer||himer's head hurts||that is himers||himer feeds himerself|
|ho||ho laughed||I kissed hee||hy head hurts||that is hine||ho feeds hyself|
|hse||hse laughed||I kissed hse||hse's head hurts||that is hse's||hse feeds hseself|
|hu||hu laughed||I kissed hum||hus head hurts||that is hus||hu feeds huself|
|ir||ir laughed||I kissed iro||irs head hurts||that is irs||ir feeds irself|
|le||le laughed||I kissed lim||lis head hurts||that is lis||le feeds limself|
|na||na laughed||I kissed nan||nas head hurts||that is nas||na feeds naself|
|ne||ne laughed||I kissed nem||nir head hurts||that is nirs||ne feeds nemself|
|per||per laughed||I kissed per||pers head hurts||that is pers||per feeds perself|
|phe||phe laughed||I kissed phe||phe's head hurts||that is phe's||phe feeds phe's self|
|rim||rim laughed||I kissed run||ris head hurts||that is ris||rim feeds rimself|
|se, hem, hes||se laughed||I kissed hem||hes head hurts||that is hes||se feeds hemself|
|se, sim, sis||se laughed||I kissed sim||sis head hurts||that is sis||se feeds simself|
|s/he, hir, hir(s)||s/he laughed||I kissed hir||hir head hurts||that is hirs||s/he feeds hirself|
|shkle||shkle laughed||I kissed shkler/shklim||shklers head hurts||that is shklers||shkle feeds shklimself|
|sie, hir, hir(s)||sie laughed||I kissed hir||hir head hurts||that is hirs||sie feeds hirself|
|tey, tem, ter||tey laughed||I kissed tem||ter head hurts||that is ters|
|tey, tem, term(s)||tey laughed||I kissed tem||term head hurts||that is terms||tey feeds termself|
|thon||thon laughed||I kissed thon||thons head hurts||that is thon's||thon feeds thonself|
|tou||tou laughed||I kissed tee||ty head hurts||that is tine||tou feeds tyself|
|ve||ve laughed||I kissed ver||vis head hurts||that is vis||ve feeds verself|
|vey||vey laughed||I kissed ve||vy head hurts||that is vyn||vey feeds vyself|
|xe||xe laughed||I kissed xem||xyr head hurts||that is xyrs||xe feeds xemself/xyrself|
|ze, hir, hir(s)||ze laughed||I kissed hir||hir head hurts||that is hirs||ze feeds hirself|
|ze, mer, zer(s)||ze laughed||I kissed mer||zer head hurts||that is zers||ze feeds zemself|
|ze, zim, zees||ze laughed||I kissed zim||zees head hurts||that is zees||ze feeds zeeself|
- Popularized by LambdaMOO in 1991, based on the use of E, Ey, and Eir in The Joy of TeX by Michael Spivak (1983).
- ^ Victor J. Stone (25 August 1989), “E has a modest proposal on ungendered personal pronouns”, in The New York Times.
- ^ James Rogers (January 1890), “That Impersonal Pronoun”, in The Writer, volume 4, issue 1, pages 12–13.
- ^ "Transgender" pronouns coined by Christine M. Elverson of Skokie, Illinois, to win a contest in 1975. (Judie Black (23 August 1975), “Ey has a word for it”, in Chicago Tribune.) Promoted as preferable to other major contenders (sie, zie and singular "they") by John Williams's Gender-neutral Pronoun FAQ (2004).
- ^ “Mrs. Ella Young invents pronoun”, in Chicago Tribune, 7 January 1912. The original usage with the apostrophe appears to be Mrs. Young's intention and is found earliest.
- ^ Proposed by Albert Gom on September 30, 2017. It results from removing the t from the traditional pronoun thou, leaving a new pronoun that is easy to pronounce, sounds natural, and whose meaning is self-evident. The word ho is meant to rhyme with hoe, not how.
- ^ Used in several college humanities texts published by Bandanna Books. Originated by editor Sasha Newborn in 1982.
- ^ Sasha Newborn (23 July 1998), “Humanist pronouns”, in , Usenet, message-ID <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
- ^ MediaMOO's "person" gender, derived from Marge Piercy's Woman on the Edge of Time (1979), in which people of 2137 use per as their sole third-person pronoun.
- ^ As used in science fiction like Peter David's Star Trek: New Frontier book series.
- ^ First recorded use on Usenet: Chip Hitchcock (26 May 1981), “receptors”, in fa.sf-lovers, Usenet, retrieved 1 January 2007.
- ^ “Desexing the language”, in Ms., New York Magazine, December 1971, page 103, cited in Elizabeth Isele (1994), “Casey Miller and Kate Swift: Women who dared to disturb the lexicon”, in WILLA, volume 3, pages 8–10.
- ^ Proposed in 1884 by American lawyer Charles Crozat Converse: C[harles] C[rozat] Converse (23 July 1884), “A new pronoun”, in The Critic and Good Literature, issue 31, page 55.
- ^ C[harles] Crozat Converse (November 1889), “That desired impersonal pronoun”, in The Writer, volume 3, issue 2, pages 247–248.
- ^ “Epicene”, in The Mavens' Word of the Day, Random House, 12 August 1998, retrieved 20 December 2006.
- ^ Proposed by Albert Gom on September 30, 2017. It results from removing the h from the traditional pronoun thou, leaving a new pronoun that is easy to pronounce, sounds natural, and whose meaning is self-evident. The word tou is meant to rhyme with thou.
- ^ Proposed by New Zealand writer Keri Hulme some time in the 1980s. Also used by writer Greg Egan for non-gendered artificial intelligences and "asex" humans: Greg Egan (July 1998) Diaspora, Victor Gollancz, →ISBN; Greg Egan (1995) Distress, →ISBN.
- ^ Created to mimic the phonology of I and thou; see Allie Hart (accessed 22 September 2014), “Genderless Pronouns”, in (Please provide the title of the work).
- ^ A Discussion about Theory of Mind (archived from the original), a paper from 2000 that uses and defines these pronouns.
- ^ Example: Kate Bornstein (1998) My Gender Workbook: How to Become a Real Man, a Real Woman, the Real You, or Something Else Entirely, Psychology Press, →ISBN.
- ^ Richard Creel (1997), “Ze, Zer, Mer”, in APA Newsletters, American Philosophical Association, retrieved 15 May 2006.