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Appendix:Pitjantjatjara pronunciation

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Pitjantjatjara pronunciations in Wiktionary entries. For vowels, both broad and narrow transcriptions are given.

See Pitjantjatjara dialect at Wikipedia for a more thorough look at the sounds of Pitjantjatjara.

ConsonantsEdit

Letter IPA Example English equivalent
k [k] kata (head) [ˈkɐtɐ] skate
l [l] liru (snake) [ˈlɪrʊ] lake
[ɭ] maḻu (kangaroo) [ˈmɐɭʊ]
ly [ʎ] palya (good) [ˈpɐʎɐ] million
m [m] miita (spouse) [ˈmɪːtɐ] mate
n [n] nikiti (naked) [ˈnɪkɪtɪ] nail
[ɳ] puṉu (plant) [ˈpʊɳʊ]
ng [ŋ] ngayulu (I) [ˈŋɐjʊlʊ] singer
ny [ɲ] nyaḻpi (feather) [ˈɲɐɭpɪ] canyon
p [p] puyu (smoke) [ˈpʊjʊ] spark
r word-initial [ɻ] ringki (fragile) [ˈɻɪŋkɪ] carry (approximately)
word-medial [r] kura (bad) [ˈkʊrɐ] roll (trilled)
[ɻ] maṟu (black) [ˈmɐɻʊ] carry (approximately)
t [t] tarka (bone) [ˈtɐrkɐ] tooth
[ʈ] tjuṯa (many) [ˈcʊʈɐ] tea (Indian English)
tj [c] tjikini (to drink) [ˈcɪkɪnɪ]
w [w] wati (man) [ˈwɐtɪ] wet
y [j] yunpa (face) [ˈjʊnpɐ] yes

VowelsEdit

Letter IPA Example English equivalent
a /a/, [ɐ] aḻa (hole) [ˈɐɭɐ] back
aa /aː/, [ɐː] aapa (part) [ˈɐːpɐ]
i /i/, [ɪ] kiṉaṟa (moon) [ˈkɪɳɐɻɐ] bit
ii /iː/, [ɪː] kii (key) [kɪː]
u /u/, [ʊ] muṯi (knee) [ˈmʊʈɪ] put
uu /uː/, [ʊː] yuu (windbreak) [jʊː]

ReferencesEdit

  • Tabain, Marija; Butcher, Andrew (2014), “Pitjantjatjara”, in Journal of the International Phonetic Association[1], volume 44, issue 2, pages 189-200