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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/dóru

(Redirected from Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/dóru)
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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Alternative reconstructionsEdit

  • *drewo-

EtymologyEdit

Some argue that it is a deadjectival noun of *deru-, *drew- (hard, firm, strong, solid) with reflexes as Latin dūrus (hard, rough), Old English trum (strong, firm) and Ancient Greek δροόν (droón, strong, mighty).

NounEdit

*dóru n[1]

  1. tree

InflectionEdit

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *dóru
genitive *dréws
singular dual plural
nominative *dóru *dórwih₁ *dóruh₂
vocative *dóru *dórwih₁ *dóruh₂
accusative *dóru *dórwih₁ *dóruh₂
genitive *dréws *? *dréwoHom
ablative *dréws *? *drúmos
dative *dréwey *? *drúmos
locative *dréw, *dréwi *? *drúsu
instrumental *drúh₁ *? *drúbʰi

DescendantsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • *dérw-i-s
    • Anatolian: [Term?]
      • Luwian: [script needed] (tarwi(iya)-, wooden beam)
    • Armenian: [Term?]
      • Old Armenian: տորգ (torg, *wooden framework; weaving, fabric, net)
        • Armenian: տորգ (torg, wooden framework)
    • Indo-Iranian: *dárwiš
  • *dérw-o-m[4][5]
  • *dréw-o-m[7]
    • Germanic: *trewą (tree)[7] (see there for further descendants)
      • (possibly) Germanic: *trewwō[7] (see there for further descendants)
  • *dréwh₂-no-m
  • *drw(h₂)-ó-s (collective)[8][9]
    • Albanian: [Term?]
      • Albanian: dru (wood, tree)
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
    • Celtic: *daru (oblique case of *darwos)[9] (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
      • Ancient Greek: δρῦς (drûs, tree, oak) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dru-k-tó-m[5]
  • *dr̥w-eh₂ló-s
    • Anatolian: [Term?]
      • Luwian: [script needed] (taruu̯al-, mortar)
      • Hittite: [script needed] (taru̯āli-, pestle(?))
      • Old Armenian: տարգալ (targal)
  • *sm̥-dVru-[10]
    • Armenian: [Term?]
      • (possibly) Old Armenian: անտառ (antaṙ, forest)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “tāru-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-16092-7, page 849
  3. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Derksen, Rick (2008), “*drъvo”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, pages 122-123: “*deru-o-”
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Delamarre, Xavier (2003), “*derwo-”, in Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental [Dictionary of the Gaulish language: A linguistic approach to Old Continental Celtic] (Collection des Hespérides; 9), 3rd edition, Éditions Errance, ISBN 978-2877722377, page 96: “*derw-o-”
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*terwa/ōn-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 514: “*der-uo/eh₂-”
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*terwa-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 522: “*dréu-o-”
  8. 8.0 8.1 Derksen, Rick (2008), “*drъvo”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, pages 122-123: “*dru(H)-o-”
  9. 9.0 9.1 Delamarre, Xavier (2003), “*daru-”, in Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental [Dictionary of the Gaulish language: A linguistic approach to Old Continental Celtic] (Collection des Hespérides; 9), 3rd edition, Éditions Errance, ISBN 978-2877722377, page 91: “*drw-os”
  10. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “antaṙ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 95-96