Last modified on 9 May 2015, at 11:28


This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. eye


  • Albanian: sy (from dual form)
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: ակն (akn, eye)
    • Old Armenian: աչք (ačʿkʿ, both eyes), from the dual form *h₃(o)kʷih₁
    • Old Armenian: յաւն (yawn, eyebrow) (possibly)
  • Balto-Slavic: *ak-
  • Celtic:
    • Old Irish: enech ("face", from *h₁eni-h₃kʷ-o-)
    • Welsh: enep ("face", from *h₁eni-h₃kʷ-o-)
  • Germanic: *augô (See there for further descendants.)
  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek: ὤψ (ṓps) ("eye, face"), ὄσσε (ósse) ("eyes") (from dual form), ὄμμα (ómma) ("eye") (< *h₃okʷmṇ)
  • Indo-Iranian:
  • Iranian:
    • Avestan: aši ("both eyes"), ainīka- ("face", from *h₁eni-h₃kʷ-o-)
    • Kurdish: enî (forehead)
  • Italic
    • Latin: oculus (< ōkʷelo-s) (See there for further descendants.)
  • Tocharian: *ëk