This entry contains Proto-Indo-European reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. eye

Related termsEdit

  • *h₃okʷ- (o-grade)
  • *h₃okʷih₁ (dual)


  • Albanian: sy (from dual form)
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: ակն (akn, eye)
    • Old Armenian: աչք (ačʿkʿ, both eyes), from the dual form *h₃okʷih₁
    • (?) Old Armenian: յաւն (yawn, eyebrow)
  • Balto-Slavic: *ak-
  • Celtic:
    • Old Irish: enech ("face", from *h₁eni-h₃kʷ-o-)
      • Irish: oineach
    • Welsh: enep ("face", from *h₁eni-h₃kʷ-o-)
  • Germanic: *augô
  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek: ὤψ (ōps) ("eye, face"), ὄσσε (osse) ("eyes") (from dual form), ὄμμα (omma) ("eye") (< *h₃okʷmṇ)
      • Greek: όμμα (ómma)
  • Indo-Iranian:
  • Iranian:
    • Avestan: aši ("both eyes"), ainīka- ("face", from *h₁eni-h₃kʷ-o-)
    • Kurdish: enî (forehead)
  • Italic
  • Tocharian: *ëk
    • Tocharian A: ak, aśäṃ (dual)
    • Tocharian B: ek
Last modified on 17 February 2014, at 03:07