Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₃reǵtós

(Redirected from Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/h₃reǵtós)
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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *h₃reǵ- ‎(to straighten) +‎ *-tós ‎(verbal adjective suffix). Adjectives with this suffix normally have a zero-grade root, showing that this is a late PIE or post-PIE innovation.[1]

AdjectiveEdit

*h₃reǵtós ‎(non-ablauting)[1]

  1. straightened, right, upright

InflectionEdit

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *h₃reǵtós *h₃reǵtéh₂
genitive *h₃reǵtósyo *h₃reǵtéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *h₃reǵtós *h₃reǵtóh₁ *h₃reǵtóes
vocative *h₃reǵté *h₃reǵtóh₁ *h₃reǵtóes
accusative *h₃reǵtóm *h₃reǵtóh₁ *h₃reǵtóns
genitive *h₃reǵtósyo *? *h₃reǵtóoHom
ablative *h₃reǵtéad *? *h₃reǵtómos
dative *h₃reǵtóey *? *h₃reǵtómos
locative *h₃reǵtéy, *h₃reǵtóy *? *h₃reǵtóysu
instrumental *h₃reǵtóh₁ *? *h₃reǵtṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *h₃reǵtéh₂ *h₃reǵtéh₂h₁(e) *h₃reǵtéh₂es
vocative *h₃reǵtéh₂ *h₃reǵtéh₂h₁(e) *h₃reǵtéh₂es
accusative *h₃reǵtā́m *h₃reǵtéh₂h₁(e) *h₃reǵtéh₂n̥s
genitive *h₃reǵtéh₂s *? *h₃reǵtéh₂oHom
ablative *h₃reǵtéh₂s *? *h₃reǵtéh₂mos
dative *h₃reǵtéh₂ey *? *h₃reǵtéh₂mos
locative *h₃reǵtéh₂, *h₃reǵtéh₂i *? *h₃reǵtéh₂su
instrumental *h₃reǵtéh₂h₁ *? *h₃reǵtéh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *h₃reǵtóm *h₃reǵtóy(h₁) *h₃reǵtéh₂
vocative *h₃reǵtóm *h₃reǵtóy(h₁) *h₃reǵtéh₂
accusative *h₃reǵtóm *h₃reǵtóy(h₁) *h₃reǵtéh₂
genitive *h₃reǵtósyo *? *h₃reǵtóoHom
ablative *h₃reǵtéad *? *h₃reǵtómos
dative *h₃reǵtóey *? *h₃reǵtómos
locative *h₃reǵtéy, *h₃reǵtóy *? *h₃reǵtóysu
instrumental *h₃reǵtóh₁ *? *h₃reǵtṓys

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press