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(Redirected from Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/leb-)
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



The reconstruction is uncertain, and contains the rare PIE phoneme *b. A secondary form *lh₂P- also exists, with a variety of labials standing in for P. The root therefore probably originates from a substrate language or onomatopoeia.[1]



  1. to hang down loosely
  2. lip
  3. lick

Derived termsEdit

  • Unsorted formations:
    • Germanic: *lepô, *lipjô (lip)
    • Hellenic:
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Iranian:
        • Middle Persian: [script needed] (lab)
          • Persian: لب (lab, lip)
        • Kurdish:
          Northern Kurdish: lêv (lip), liv (movement, act of moving)
          Central Kurdish: لێو (lēw, lip)
          Southern Kurdish: لێو (lēw, lip)
        • Zazaki: lew (law, lip)
    • Italic:

From the root *lh₂P-:

  • *lh₂b- (root present)
  • *lh₂-né-b(ʰ)- ~ *lh₂-m-b(ʰ)- (nasal-infix present)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: lambō (to lick)
  • *lh₂b-el-os
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: lap (to lick up water)
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: լափեմ (lapʿem, to lap up, lick up; to eat up greedily, devour)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: lapènti (to eat greedily)
      • Slavic:
        • East Slavic:
        • South Slavic:
          • Bulgarian: лапам (lapam, to eat greedily)
    • Hellenic:


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill