Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/leb-

(Redirected from Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/leb-)
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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

ReconstructionEdit

The reconstruction is uncertain, and contains the rare PIE phoneme *b. A secondary form *lh₂P- also exists, with a variety of labials standing in for P. The root therefore probably originates from a substrate language or onomatopoeia.[1]

RootEdit

*leb-

  1. to hang down loosely
  2. lip
  3. lick

Derived termsEdit


  • Unsorted formations:
    • Germanic: *lepô, *lipjô ‎(lip)
    • Hellenic:
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Iranian:
        • Middle Persian: [script needed] ‎(lab)
          • Persian: لب ‎(lab, lip)
        • Kurdish: lêv ‎(lip), liv ‎(movement, act of moving)
    • Italic:

From the root *lh₂P-:

  • *lh₂b- ‎(root present)
  • *lh₂-né-b(ʰ)- ~ *lh₂-m-b(ʰ)- ‎(nasal-infix present)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: lambō ‎(to lick)
  • *lh₂b-el-os
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: lap ‎(to lick up water)
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: լափեմ ‎(lapʿem, to lap up, lick up; to eat up greedily, devour)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: lapènti ‎(to eat greedily)
      • Slavic:
        • East Slavic:
        • South Slavic:
          • Bulgarian: лапам ‎(lapam, to eat greedily)
    • Hellenic:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill