Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/lewk-

(Redirected from Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/lewk-)
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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*lewk-

  1. bright
  2. to shine
  3. to see

Derived termsEdit


  • *luktó ~ *lukró(deponent root aorist)
  • *lowk-éye-(causative)
  • *lewk-éh₁-(ye)-(stative)
  • *léwk-s
    • Celtic:
    • Italic: *louks
      • Latin: lūx(light) (see there for further descendants)
  • *lewk-ós
    • Old Armenian: լոյս(loys)
    • Celtic: *loukos(white)
    • Hellenic:
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
  • *lewk-to-s
  • *léwk-so-s
  • *léwk-mn̥
  • *lewk-o-dʰro-
  • *lowk-s-tro-
  • *lówk-os(open space, clearing)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: laũkas(field, open space)
      • Latvian: lauks(field)
    • Germanic: *lauhaz(clearing, open space) (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: लोक(loká, free space)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: lūcus(sacred grove, wood)
  • *lowk-yo-:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Old Prussian: luckis
      • Slavic: *lučь (see there for further descendants)
  • *lewk-s-
  • *léwk-s-mn̥
  • *lowk-s-neh₂(moon)
  • *luk-s-nos
  • *luk-s-ḱós
  • *luk-eh₂
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Anatolian:
      • Hittite: [script needed](luk(k)-)
    • Armenian:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic:
        • Old Church Slavonic: лоуча(luča, ray)
    • Celtic:
      • Old Irish: luchair(shine)
      • Welsh: llug(shimmer)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: λύγξ(lúnx, lynx)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
      • Iranian:
        • Avestan: [script needed](raočant-, shining), 𐬭𐬀𐬊𐬗𐬀𐬵(raočah, light; day)
        • Bactrian: ρωσο(rōso, day)
        • Baluchi: روچ(rōč, sun; day)
        • Kurdish:
          • Kurmanji: roj(sun; day), ron(bright)
          • Sorani: ڕۆژ(řoj, day)
        • Middle Persian: 𐭩𐭥𐭬(rōz [YWM], day)
          • Persian: روز(rōz, day); روشن(rowšan, light, bright)
    • Tocharian:

ReferencensEdit

  1. ^ A. B. Cook (1914), Zeus: A Study in Ancient Religion, Vol. I, p.63, Cambridge University Press
  • Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag