Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/per-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*per-

  1. to go forth, go forwards
  2. to cross

Derived termsEdit


  • *por- ‎(o-grade root present)
    • Germanic: *faraną (see there for further descendants)
  • *pi-por- ‎(o-grade reduplicated present)
  • *per-ye- ‎(ye-present)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: πείρω ‎(peírō, to pierce)
  • *por-éye- ‎(causative)
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Germanic: *farjaną ‎(to carry, to ferry), *farjǭ ‎(ferry) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *fōrijaną ‎(to lead) (formed from primary *faraną) (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian:
  • *pér-tus ‎(crossing)
  • *por-tis
    • Germanic: *fardiz ‎(journey) (see there for further descendants)
  • *pōr-is
    • Germanic: *fōriz ‎(passable) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:

ReferencesEdit

  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag