Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/swer-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*swer-[1]

  1. to cut
  2. wound; injury
  3. to fester

Derived termsEdit


  • *swer- ‎(root present)
  • *swer-wos
  • *swer-tó- or *swer-dʰo-
    • Germanic: (possibly) *swerdą ‎(sword)
  • Unsorted formations:

RootEdit

*swer-[2][3]

  1. to resound
  2. to speak loudly
  3. to swear

Derived termsEdit


  • *swér- ‎(root present)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: [script needed] ‎(svárati)
  • *swor-ye- ‎(o-grade ye-present)
  • *swor-eh₂
    • Germanic: *swarō ‎(statement, oath, vow)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: [script needed] ‎(vratá, pledge, vow)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: (possibly) surdus ‎(deaf)
      • Latin: (perhaps) susurrus ‎(whisper, rustle)
      • Oscan: (possibly) [Term?] ‎(sverruneí, speaker?, dative singular)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Guus Kroonen (2013), Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
  2. ^ "zweren" in M. Philippa - Etymologisch Woordenboek van het Nederlands, Amsterdam University Press 2009 (etymologiebank)
  3. ^ Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers