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(Redirected from Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/wóyd-)
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



*weyd- (stative)[1][2][3]

  1. to see

Derived termsEdit

  • *wéyd-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Germanic: *wītaną (to direct the attention to, to scold) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic:
    • Indo-Iranian:
  • *wóyde ~ *widḗr (to have seen, to know, stative)[1]
  • *wid-eh₁-(ye)- (stative)
  • *wéyd-se-ti (desiderative)
  • *wid-ró-s
    • Germanic: *witraz (see there for further descendants)
  • *wéyd-os ~ *wéyd-es-os
  • *wid-és-eh₂
  • *wéyd-tōr (one who has seen, one who knows)
  • *weyd-to-s
    • Germanic: *wīsaz (wise) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wid-tó-s
  • *wéyd-tu-s ~ *wid-téw-s ((act of) seeing, knowledge)
    • Celtic: *wissus (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: vīsus (see there for further descendants)
  • *weyd-eh₂-li-mo-
  • *weyd-oh₂-lo-
  • *n̥-weyd-h₁-lo-
  • *wid-ri-
  • *wid-m-h₃onh₂-
  • *né-wid-s
  • *n̥-wid-eh₂-
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian: *git-
    • Armenian:
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *viděti (see there for further descendants)
    • Old Church Slavonic: вѣстъ (věstъ, known)
    • West Slavic:
    • Germanic: *wīsǭ (manner, way)
    • Phrygian: wit-

See alsoEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill