(Redirected from Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/wóyd-)
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to see

Derived termsEdit

  • *wéyd- ‎(root present)
    • Germanic: *wītaną ‎(to direct the attention to, to scold)
    • Hellenic:
  • *wóyd- ‎(to have seen, to know, perfect)[1]
    • Armenian: *gēt-
      • Old Armenian: գիտեմ ‎(gitem, to know)
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Germanic: *witaną ‎(to know)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: οἶδα ‎(oîda, to know)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
      • Iranian: *waid- (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: vīdī ‎(have seen)
  • *wid-eh₁-(ye)- ‎(stative)
  • *wid-rós
    • Germanic: *witraz (see there for further descendants)
  • *wéyd-tōr ‎(one who has seen, one who knows)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: ἵστωρ ‎(hístōr, one who knows, witness)
  • *weyd-tos
    • Germanic: *wīsaz ‎(wise) (see there for further descendants)
    • Italic:
  • *wid-tós
    • Germanic: *wissaz ‎(known), *gawissaz ‎(certain, sure) (see there for further descendants)
  • *wéyd-tus ‎((act of) seeing, knowledge)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian: *git-
    • Armenian:
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *viděti (see there for further descendants)
    • Old Church Slavonic: вѣстъ ‎(věstъ, known)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Dardic:
        • Kashmiri: [script needed] ‎(vūčhūn)
      • Indo-Aryan:
      • Iranian:
        • Avestan: [script needed] ‎(vaēða)
    • Phrygian: wit-


  1. 1.0 1.1 Don Ringe, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, 2006
  2. ^ Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
  3. ^ Guus Kroonen (2013), Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers