Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/wer-

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This entry contains Proto-Indo-European reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

RootEdit

*wer-, *werh₃-

  1. ​to speak
Derived termsEdit
  • *werdʰo- (word) (See there for further descendants.)

DescendantsEdit

  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: [script?] (weriya-, to call, name, summon)
  • Armenian:
  • Hellenic:
  • Slavic:

Etymology 2Edit

RootEdit

*wer-

  1. ​to burn

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

RootEdit

*wer-

  1. to turn, to bend

DescendantsEdit

  • Iranian:
    • Kurdish:
      • Kurmanji: zi-virrîn (to turn), gerrîn (to wander; to travel)

Etymology 4Edit

RootEdit

*wer-

  1. squirrel

DescendantsEdit

often with reduplication

  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *wēwer, *waiwer, *wāwer
    • Baltic:
      • Latvian: vāvere
      • Lithuanian: vaiverìs ("male polecat or marten"), voverė, vaiverė, voverìs (dialectical), vėverìs (dialectical)
      • Old Prussian: weware
      • Samogitian: vuoverie
    • Slavic: *věverica, *věverъka
      • Aromanian: viviritsã
      • East Slavic: вѣверица (věverica)
        • Belarusian: вавёрка (vavjorka)
        • Russian: веверица (veverica)
        • Ukrainian: вивірка (vyvirka), вiвериця (viverycja)
      • Romani: viaveritsa
      • Romanian: veveriță
      • South Slavic:
      • West Slavic:
        • Czech: veverka, veveřice
        • Polish: wiewiórka
        • Slovak: veverica
        • Sorbian:
          • Lower Sorbian: njewjericka
          • Upper Sorbian: wjewjerčka
      • Yiddish: וועוורקע (veverke), וועווריק (vevrik)
  • Celtic:
  • Germanic: *aikwernô (with prefixed *aik- from *h₂eig-)
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Iranian:
      • Old Persian: [script?] (varvarah)
  • Italic:
    • Latin: viverra (ferret)
      • Dalmatian: viala (squirrel, hamster)
      • Translingual: Viverra (genus of civets)

ReferencesEdit

  • Watkins, Calvert. Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans. 1969.
Last modified on 15 April 2014, at 13:14