Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ьcь

(Redirected from Appendix:Proto-Slavic/-ьcь)
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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *-ikos. Comparison with other languages points to the antiquity of denominal formations, which are most likely substantivized adjectives.[1] Cognate with Ancient Greek -ικός ‎(-ikós) (adjectival, corresponding semantically to *-ьnъ, the adjectival equivalent of *-ьcь).

SuffixEdit

*-ьcь m

  1. Denominal, forming diminutives.
    *rogъ ‎(horn) → *rožьcь ‎(a small horn)
    *obvolkъ ‎(cloud) → *obvolčьcь ‎(a small cloud)
    *gordъ ‎(city, town) → *gordьcь ‎(a small town)
  2. Deadjectival, denoting persons having the specified property.
    *bordatъ ‎(bearded) → *bordatьcь ‎(a bearded man)
    *starъ ‎(old) → *starьcь ‎(an old man)
    *mǫdrъ ‎(wise) → *mǫdrьcь ‎(a wise man)
  3. Deverbal (from the stem), forming agent nouns.
    *plęsati ‎(to dance) → *plęsьcь ‎(dancer)
    *loviti ‎(to hunt) → *lovьcь ‎(hunter)
    *gǫdti > *gǫsti ‎(to play a string instrument) → *godьcь ‎(musician)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: -ьць ‎(-ĭcĭ)
      Glagolitic: -ⱐⱌⱐ ‎(-ĭcĭ)
    • Bulgarian: -ец ‎(-ec)
    • Macedonian: -ец ‎(-ec)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: -ац
      Latin: -ac
    • Slovene: -ec
  • West Slavic:

ReferencesEdit

  • ^ Brugmann, Karl. (21916) Grundriss der vergleichenden Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen: II. Lehre von den Wortformen und ihrem Gebrauch, 1. Allgemeines, Zusammensetzung (Komposita), Nominalstämme. Strassburg., pp. 487–491