This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



  • From dissimilation of earlier *měmъ.
Compare Lithuanian mēms ‎(dumb, mute, silent), Polish miemy ‎(dumb, mute, silent; speechless), Old Polish omienieć ‎(to become dumb), Latin mūtus ‎(mute, dumb, silent), Ancient Greek μῖμος ‎(mîmos, mime, actor), German mummeln, English mumble, Swedish mimra.
Compare *ku- + *jьm-, *jьmǫ, *jęti > *kujьmъ (> Russian ку́и́м ‎(kúím, deaf-mute; tongue-tied man; silent man;)). Lithuanian mēms is possibly borrowing from Slavic with assimilation n-m > m-m



  1. unclear or incomprehensible speaker, muttering, mammering
  2. dumb, mute (not able to speak)


Derived termsEdit


  • Other:


  • немой in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv
  • немой” in Pavel Černyx (1999), Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 2 vols (3rd ed.), Moscow: Publishing House "Russian Language", volume 1, page 568
  • “*němъ(jь)” in Oleg Trubačóv (ed.) (1974–), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages], Moscow: Nauka, volume 25, page 100ff