Of multiple origins, all toponymic, from a place name in Cantabria, Navarre, and Burgos.
- A surname, from Basque.
According to official data by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística in 2016, Arce occurs in Spain as a first surname by 10,614 individuals, and as a second surname by 10,664 individuals. It is prevalent in Madrid, Cantabria, Biscay, Barcelona, Burgos, and Valencia.
From Spanish, of multiple origins:
- From a locality with that name in Cantabria
- From Basque Artzi, a municipality in Navarre
- From a place name in the province of Burgos
- A surname.
According to data collected by Forebears in 2014, Arce is the 380th most common surname in the Philippines, occurring in 22,427 individuals.