See also: arctic

EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French artique (with -c- reintroduced after Latin in the 17th century), from Latin arcticus, from Ancient Greek ἀρκτικός (arktikós, northern, of the (Great) Bear), from ἄρκτος (árktos, bear, Ursa Major), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ŕ̥tḱos (bear). Cognate to Latin ursus.

PronunciationEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • The word was originally pronounced without /k/, but the spelling pronunciation has become the more common one. The "c" was originally added to the spelling for etymological reasons, and its pronunciation returned thereafter.

AdjectiveEdit

Arctic (not comparable)

  1. (astronomy, now only in compounds) Pertaining to the celestial north pole, or to the pole star. [from 14th c.]
  2. (geography) Pertaining to the northern polar region of the planet, characterised by extreme cold and an icy landscape. [from 16th c.]
  3. Extremely cold, snowy, or having other properties of extreme winter associated with the Arctic. [from 16th c.]
    • 1979, John Le Carré, Smiley's People, Folio Society 2010, p. 45:
      ‘Could you close that window, please!’ Strickland called, dialling again. ‘It's bloody arctic down this end.’
  4. Designed for use in very cold conditions. [from 19th c.]

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Proper nounEdit

Arctic

  1. (obsolete) The north celestial pole. [15th–17th c.]
  2. (geography) The region of the Earth above the Arctic Circle, containing the North Pole. [from 17th c.]
    • 1772, Richard Cumberland, The Fashionable Lover, London: W. Griffin, Act IV, p. 46,[3]
      I’ve visited the world from arctic to ecliptic, as a surgeon does a hospital, and find all men sick of some distemper []

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

Arctic (plural Arctics)

  1. (US, now chiefly historical) A warm waterproof overshoe. [from 19th c.]
  2. Any of various butterflies of the genus Oeneis. [from 20th c.]

Usage notesEdit

  • Like Antarctic, this word was originally pronounced without /k/, but the spelling pronunciation has become the more common one. The "c" was originally added to the spelling for etymological reasons, and its pronunciation returned thereafter.

AnagramsEdit