See also: arctic

English

edit
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms

edit

Etymology

edit

From Middle French artique (with -c- reintroduced after Latin in the 17th century), from Latin arcticus, from Ancient Greek ἀρκτικός (arktikós, northern, of the (Great) Bear), from ἄρκτος (árktos, bear, Ursa Major), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ŕ̥tḱos (bear). Cognate to Latin ursus.

Pronunciation

edit

Adjective

edit

Arctic (not comparable)

  1. (astronomy, now only in compounds) Pertaining to the celestial north pole, or to the pole star. [from 14th c.]
  2. (geography) Pertaining to the northern polar region of the planet, characterised by extreme cold and an icy landscape. [from 16th c.]
  3. Extremely cold, snowy, or having other properties of extreme winter associated with the Arctic. [from 16th c.]
    • 1979, John Le Carré, Smiley's People, Folio Society, published 2010, page 45:
      ‘Could you close that window, please!’ Strickland called, dialling again. ‘It's bloody arctic down this end.’
  4. Designed for use in very cold conditions. [from 19th c.]

Usage notes

edit
  • Like Antarctic, the English word was originally pronounced without /k/, but the spelling pronunciation has become the more common one. The "c" was originally added to the spelling for etymological reasons, and its pronunciation followed thereafter.

Translations

edit

Proper noun

edit

Arctic

  1. (obsolete) The north celestial pole. [15th–17th c.]
  2. (geography) The region of the Earth above the Arctic Circle, containing the North Pole. [from 17th c.]
    • 1772, Richard Cumberland, The Fashionable Lover[3], London: W. Griffin, act IV, page 46:
      I’ve visited the world from arctic to ecliptic, as a surgeon does a hospital, and find all men sick of some distemper []

Derived terms

edit

Translations

edit

Noun

edit

Arctic (plural Arctics)

  1. (US, now chiefly historical) A warm waterproof overshoe. [from 19th c.]
  2. Any of various butterflies of the genus Oeneis. [from 20th c.]

Translations

edit

Anagrams

edit