LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 Britain (name) on Wikipedia
 Britannia on Latin Wikipedia

As Brittānia from the 1st century B.C.E., from Ancient Greek Πρεττανία (Prettanía), used by Diodorus, earlier νῆσος (nêsos) Πρεττανική (Prettanikḗ) or Βρεττανίαι (Brettaníai), used by Pytheas (4th century B.C.E.) of the entire archipelago now known as the British Isles.

The Ancient Greek name is ultimately from a Celtic ethnonym, reconstructed as early Brythonic *Pritani, perhaps from a Proto-Celtic *Kʷritanī, *Kʷritenī, whence Welsh Prydyn (Picts), Old Irish Cruthne, Cru(i)then-túath (Picts), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷer- (to do).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Brittō m (genitive Brittōnis); third declension

  1. An inhabitant of Britain, a Briton.
  2. An inhabitant of Brittany, a Breton.

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Brittō Brittōnēs
Genitive Brittōnis Brittōnum
Dative Brittōnī Brittōnibus
Accusative Brittōnem Brittōnēs
Ablative Brittōne Brittōnibus
Vocative Brittō Brittōnēs

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Because Brittany (Little Britain) was settled at the end of the Roman era by migrants from Britain, the original descendants of Brittō often have the meaning "an inhabitant of Brittany", with a later reborrowing from Classical Latin being used to form the word for "an inhabitant of Great Britain".

ReferencesEdit