From Middle English Carlele, from Old English Carleol, Carleul, from Cumbric [Term?] (compare Caer Ligualid in the Historia Brittonum, Middle Welsh Caer Liwelydd, Welsh Caerliwelydd, all suffixed with -ydd), composed of Proto-Brythonic *kaɨr (“fort”) + Proto-Brythonic [Term?] (> Latin Luguvalium), from Proto-Celtic *Luguwalos (personal name, literally “strength of Lugus”), from *Lugus + *walos (“stength”).
- A city and local government district in and the county town of Cumbria, and formerly of Cumberland, in northwestern England.
- A home rule city, the county seat of Nicholas County, Kentucky, United States.
- A borough, the county seat of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States.
- A habitational surname, from Old English.
- Jackson, K. H. (1953) Language and History in Early Britain, page 39