Coined by University of Chicago archaeologist James Henry Breasted.
- (historical) A crescent-shaped strip of fertile land stretching from present-day Iraq through eastern Turkey and down the Syrian and Israeli coasts.
- 1914, James Harvey Robinson, James Henry Breasted, Charles Austin Beard, Outlines of European History: Earliest man, the Orient, Greece, and Rome:
- This great semicircle, for lack of a name, may be called the fertile crescent.
crescent-shaped arc of fertile land