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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Irish Gael, Gaol, from earlier Gaoidheal, from Middle Irish Gaídel, from Old Irish Goídel (Irishman), a loanword from Old Welsh Guoidel (wild man, warrior) (also recorded as a personal name in the Book of Llandaff), from Proto-Brythonic *guɨðel (savage, woodsman), from Proto-Celtic *wēdelos (savage, woodsman), from Proto-Indo-European *weydʰ- (wood, wilderness) (cf. Old English wāþ (hunt)).[1]

Medieval Irish traditions, including the Lebor Gabála Érenn, trace the origin of the Goídels to an eponymous ancestor, Goídel Glas, but this is no longer held to be the ultimate etymology of the word.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 
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Gael (plural Gaels)

  1. A member of an ethnic group in Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man, whose language is one that is Gaelic.
    1911, G.K. Chesterton, The Ballad of the White Horse, Book II: The Gathering Of The Chiefs:
    For the great Gaels of Ireland
    Are the men that God made mad,
    For all their wars are merry,
    And all their songs are sad.

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 408

AnagramsEdit


IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish Goídel, from Old Welsh Guoidel (wild man, warrior) (compare Welsh Gwyddel (Irishman)), from Proto-Brythonic *guɨðel, from Proto-Celtic *wēdus (wild), from Proto-Indo-European *weydʰ- (wood, wilderness) (compare Old English wāþ (hunt)).[1] Replaced native terms féni (class of landed Irish freemen) and fénechas (matters pertaining to the féni), though these words survive as féine and féineachas, respectively, and derive ultimately from the same root.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Gael m (genitive singular Gaeil, nominative plural Gaeil)

  1. Gael, Irish person
  2. (~ de chuid na hAlban) (Scottish) Highlander
    Synonyms: duine as an nGàidhealtachd, Híleantóir

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
Gael Ghael nGael
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 408

Further readingEdit