From Old High German(*)hand, northern variant of hant. The regular form in Moselle Franconian and some southern dialects of Ripuarian is Hand with a plural Hänn (< *hende) through the development: intervocalic -nd- → -nn-. The regular form in most of Ripuarian is Hank with a plural Häng (< *henge) through velarization and subsequently a corresponding development: intervocalic -ŋg- → -ŋŋ-. This regular system is preserved in western Ripuarian. In eastern dialects and particularly along the Rhine, the velarization has to a large degree been reverted under the influence of surrounding varieties and, most of all, standard German. This reversion has been irregular, however, affecting -nk more than it did -ng-, and hence occasionally leading to variation between velarized and de-velarized forms within the inflectional paradigm of one word (compare Wand, Zand).