Hand

Central FranconianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • Hank (chiefly western Ripuarian)

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German (*)hand, northern variant of hant. The regular form in Moselle Franconian and some southern dialects of Ripuarian is Hand with a plural Hänn (< *hende) through the development: intervocalic -nd--nn-. The regular form in most of Ripuarian is Hank with a plural Häng (< *henge) through velarization and subsequently a corresponding development: intervocalic -ŋg--ŋŋ-. This regular system is preserved in western Ripuarian. In eastern dialects and particularly along the Rhine, the velarization has to a large degree been reverted under the influence of surrounding varieties and standard German. This reversion has been irregular, however, affecting -nk more than it did -ng-, and hence sometimes leading to variation between velarized and de-velarized forms within the inflectional paradigm of one word.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Hand ‎(plural Hänn or Häng, diminutive Händche)

  1. (many dialects) hand

Usage notesEdit

  • The plural Hänn is used in Moselle Franconian and some southern dialects of Ripuarian. The form Häng is used in many Ripuarian dialects, including Kölsch.

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German hant, from Proto-Germanic *handuz. Compare Dutch and English hand, West Frisian hân, Danish hånd, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌿𐍃 ‎(handus).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Hand f ‎(genitive Hand, plural Hände, diminutive Händchen n or Händlein n)

  1. hand

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

External linksEdit

  • Hand in Duden online

Low GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Saxon hand, from Proto-Germanic *handuz. Compare Dutch and English hand, West Frisian hân, Danish hånd, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌿𐍃 ‎(handus).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Hand m ‎(plural Hänn or Hännen)

  1. hand

Derived termsEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German (*)hand, northern variant of hant, from Proto-Germanic *handuz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Hand f (plural Hänn)

  1. hand
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